How Did Sandwiches Get Their Name?

The sandwich is named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an eighteenth-century English aristocrat. It is said that he ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread. In the US, the sandwich was first promoted as an elaborate meal at supper.

When was the word sandwich invented?

1762 – The first written record of the word “sandwich” appeared in Edward Gibbons (1737-1794), English author, scholar, and historian, journal on November 24, 1762.

What is the sandwich first called?

[Said to be named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), who once spent twenty-four hours at the gaming-table without other refreshment than some slices of cold beef placed between slices of toast. This account of the origin of the word is given by Grosley [in a publication titled] Londres (1770).

How did sandwich in Kent get its name?

The first recorded mention of Sandwich was around 664 AD but there was probably some kind of settlement in Roman times as the site is very close to Richborough Roman Fort (Rutupiae). The name of the town is, most likely, Saxon in origin, approximately meaning sandy place, or the place on the sand.

Why is a hot dog not a sandwich?

Many people argue, though, that while the hot dog technically fits the dictionary definition of a sandwich, it’s simply not a sandwich. It is its own thing. It breaks itself free of the sandwich category. People love to argue with us, but no, a hot dog is not a sandwich,” Mittenthal said.

What is the oldest sandwich?

The earliest recognizable form of a sandwich may be the Korech or “Hillel sandwich” that is eaten during Jewish Passover. Hillel the Elder, a Jewish leader and rabbi who lived in Jerusalem during the time of King Herod (circa 110 BC), first suggested eating bitter herbs inside unleavened matzo bread.

What came first beef or cheese?

The hamburger dates back at least to the late 19th century, while the earliest appearance of anything resembling a grilled cheese sandwich is from 1902, so clearly the hamburger came first.

When did the hamburger originate?

In Wisconsin, many claim the burger was invented by Charlie Nagreen, who purportedly sold a meatball between two slices of bread at an 1885 fair in Seymour. In Athens, Tex., the title of “hamburger creator” is bestowed upon Fletcher Davis, who supposedly came up with it in the 1880s.

Where did hamburgers originate?

Sandwich, town (township), Barnstable county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along Cape Cod Bay, just east of the town of Bourne, and it includes the villages of East Sandwich, Sandwich, and Forestdale.

Was the sandwich invented in sandwich England?

The sandwich as we know it was popularized in England in 1762 by John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich. Dips, cheeses, and meats were all “sandwiched” between and on layers of bread. In all likelihood Montagu took inspiration from these when he sat at that card table.

Is hamburger a sandwich?

A hamburger (or burger for short) is a food, typically considered a sandwich, consisting of one or more cooked patties—usually ground meat, typically beef—placed inside a sliced bread roll or bun. The patty may be pan fried, grilled, smoked or flame broiled.

Is Calzone a sandwich?

Calzones are a stuffed bread, not a sandwich. They are similar in form to Russian piroshki, which are baked, rather than fried, or to hand pies filled with fruit.

Is taco a sandwich?

A taco does not qualify as a sandwich. A sandwich is a food typically consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat, placed on or between slices of bread, or more generally any dish wherein bread serves as a container or wrapper for another food type.

The Story of the Sandwich

Would you think that the United States consumes more than 300 million sandwiches every day? That’s correct, we consume approximately the same number of sandwiches each day as there are people to consume them. And, after all, why not? Possibly the ideal cuisine, the sandwich is portable, accessible to any interpretation, and may be made as simple or ornate as one’s mood allows it to be. Even while the sandwich has a lengthy history in the United States, it hasn’t always been as widely accepted as it is now.

The sandwich as we know it today was created in England in 1762 by John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who is credited with popularizing it.

The sandwich came about because he requested something to be brought to him that he could eat without getting up from his seat during a particularly extended binge.

In fact, Montagu loved his meat and bread so much that he consumed it on a regular basis, and when the dish gained popularity in London social circles, it was given the Earl’s name as well.

  1. In fact, we know exactly where Montagu received the inspiration for his work from in the first place.
  2. Bread was used as a sandwiching tool to hold everything together: dips, cheeses, meats, and more.
  3. Montagu’s innovation was an instant hit with the public.
  4. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, the sandwich had become firmly established in England.
  5. In fact, the first time a sandwich recipe appeared in an American cookbook was in 1815.
  6. It appears that early American cooks preferred to steer clear of culinary innovations that originated in their former sovereign power.
  7. When the memories faded and the sandwich emerged, it was not ham or turkey that was the most popular filling, but tongue!
  8. This isn’t a big deal, because we’ve come up with some pretty fantastic sandwich concepts since that time.
  9. Two brothers, who were previously streetcar workers themselves, opened a sandwich restaurant nearby and offered to feed any down-on-his-luck striking worker for free.
  10. When a hungry striker stepped into the shop, the clerks would cry, “Here comes another po’ boy,” and the phrase became popular among the general public.
  11. Also in Nebraska was the birthplace of the Reuben, that distinctly un-Kosher combination of corned beef, Swiss cheese, and sauerkraut, which first emerged not in a New York City deli but in Omaha.

The dish was named after one of the players in a weekly poker game that took place at a hotel, and it gained popularity after the hotel owner included it on the evening menu. It went on to win a national recipe contest, and the rest, as they say, is history.


Have you ever wondered how some foods came to be known by their English names? Take, for example, why a sandwich is referred to as a sandwich. Following that, we shall discuss the origins of certain English food names in this section. Sandwich The sandwich was named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, who lived in the 16th century. There’s a solid reason for this, too: he’s the one who reportedly invented it! According to legend, Lord Sandwich adored playing card games. He opted not to use a fork or knife while eating because he wanted to be able to continue playing while eating.

  1. What is the solution?
  2. Within a short period of time, other individuals began requesting the same dish “as Sandwich.” A hamburger and french fries are on the menu.
  3. The key distinction is that it is a beef patty, which is also known as a burger, that is put within a sliced bread rather than a hamburger bun.
  4. Hamburger are the people who live in the city of Hamburg.
  5. There are a plethora of various theories as to where the hamburger originated.
  6. However, there is no evidence to support this.
  7. French fries, contrary to their name, were not first created in France.
  8. It had more to do with language than it did with geographical location.
  9. Belgian fries, to be sure, are available in some countries.
  10. Did you find this post to be interesting?


MenuHomeEntertainmentPop CultureFoodsandwichA sandwich is a piece of meat, cheese, or other food sandwiched between two slices of bread in its most basic form. Sandwiches were named after John Montagu, 4th earl ofSandwich in the 18th century, despite the fact that this manner of eating must have existed as long as meat and bread. The author of a contemporary French travel book claims that Sandwich had sliced meat and bread brought to him at the gaming table on one occasion so that he could continue to play while eating; it is more likely, however, that he ate these sandwiches while working at his desk or that the world became aware of them when he requested them in London society, according to the account.

Since then, the sandwich has found its way into practically every cuisine in the Western world, thanks to its ease of preparation, portability, and seemingly limitless variation.

They can be served hot or cold.

Scandi smörrebrdare served open-faced, with skillfully constructed toppings of fish, cut meats, and salads, as well as a choice of dressings.

United States contributed elaborate sandwich formulas, with the club sandwich, which consists of sliced chicken or turkey, bacon, lettuce, and tomato as well as the Reuben sandwich (which consists of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian dressing served grilled on black bread) being the most successful.

bacon Bacon slices are used to make this sandwich. Davidwnoble Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Jeff Wallenfeldt was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Sandwich History

Hillel the Elder, a prominent rabbi who lived around the first century B.C., is credited with creating the first documented sandwich. His invention of the Passover ritual of sandwiching a combination of chopped nuts, apples, spices, and wine between two matzohs, which was later eaten with bitter herbs, was the beginning of the tradition. The filling between the matzahs served as a reminder of the hardship endured by the Jews prior to their escape from Egypt, and it symbolized the mortar used by the Jews during their forced labor on Egyptian construction projects.

  • From the 6th through the 16th centuries, large chunks of gritty stale bread, known as trenchers, were used in place of plates during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
  • The juice, the oil, and the sauces were absorbed by the trenchers, which were thick and stale.
  • Alms are items like as clothes, food, and money that are given to the impoverished.
  • It is apparent that trenchers were the forerunners of contemporary open-face sandwiches.
  • After searching through hundreds of manuscripts, chiefly plays, that were written long before the Earl of Sandwich was even born, a probable (though very prosaic) explanation emerges after a lengthy and exhaustive search.
  • Between the 16 and seventeenth centuries, these two expressions may be found throughout English dramatic literature.
  • In Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor, Nim declares, “I love not the humour of bread and cheese.” The line is also used in other Shakespearean works.
  • The terms “bread and meat” and “bread and cheese” are also mentioned in a slew of other plays from the same time period.

“I ate at the Cocoa Tree.That venerable establishment provides every evening a spectacle that is genuinely English.” “Twenty or thirty of the first men to enter the kingdom.sipping at little tables.on a piece of cold meat or a Sandwich” The Cocoa Tree, which was located at the intersection of Pall Mall and St.

  1. Gaming establishments in London were reserved for a select few, where individuals with similar preferences and belonging to the same social class could congregate.
  2. After 1750, only the most modest institutions persisted, which were visited by members of the general public.
  3. 1762– It is also said that the cooks at London’s Beef Steak Club, a gentlemen’s gambling club that met at the Shakespeare Tavern, were the first to create a sandwich from scratch.
  4. The Prince of Wales joined the organization as its 25th member.
  5. From November through the end of June, the members gathered on Saturdays at 5 p.m.
  6. Each member was also given the option of inviting a buddy.
  7. He rose to the position of First Lord of the Admiralty and served as a patron to Captain James Cook (who explored New Zealand, Australia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Polynesia.).

Cook gave the Hawaiian Islands their name, which he called the Sandwich Islands, in honor of himself.

It is located at the mouth of Prince William Sound.

It is alleged that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two slices of bread.

In truth, the original sandwich consisted of a piece of salt beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted ciabatta bread.


Rodger points out that the only source for giving Montagu credit for inventing the sandwich was gossip mentioned in a travel book by Grosley, and that at the time in question 1765, he was known to be very busy, and it is just as likely that he was doing so for the purpose of eating at his desk.

The story appears to have been inspired by a passage in Grosley’s Tour to London, which reads: “A minister of state spent four and twenty hours at a public gaming-table, so absorbed in play that he had no food during the entire time except a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread, which he ate without ever pausing the game.” During my time in London, this new meal became increasingly popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.” Grosley’s book is considered to be a work of travel literature.

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No supporting evidence exists for this bit of rumor, and it does not appear very plausible that it has any basis in fact, especially given that it pertains to 1765, when Sandwich was a Cabinet minister and quite busy.

According to the alternative explanation, he invented it to keep himself nourished while working at his desk, which appears plausible given the long hours he worked from an early start, in an era when dinner was the only substantial meal of the day and dinner was traditionally served at four o’clock, and the fashionable hour to dine was four in the afternoon.


Prepare a few extremely thin slices of cold cooked ham and sandwich them between two pieces of toasted sourdough bread.

They are served at supper and lunchtime tables.

Sandwiches have evolved into a convenient, portable lunch for both workers and schoolchildren. The following link will take you back to the main History Index Page:HERE.


Lord Sandwich (John Montague Montague Montague Montague Montagu Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montagu) According to legend, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich was the inspiration for the word’sandwich’, which was then used to refer to a type of meal. He didn’t actually ‘create’ the sandwich, but he is credited with popularizing it. According to legend, in around 1762, he requested that meat be placed between slices of bread in order to prevent interfering with a gambling game.

However, it’s possible that customers began ordering “the same as Sandwich” soon after, and the term stuck!

Confusing Titles

Hereditary English titles might be difficult to understand. The line of the Earls of Sandwich has no true ties to the town of Sandwich, other than the title they hold. Because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England, it is possible that the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, intended to take the title of the Earl ofPortsmouth was changed to the Earl of Sandwich as a gesture of courtesy toward the town of Sandwich.

*We could be eating a ‘Portsmouth’!

It is widely believed in this area that the term “sandwich” refers to a type of food that has no connection to the town, but rather with John Montagu, who happened to hold the title at the time. In fact, if the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind about his title, the term “sandwich” would have been more appropriate for the item of food.

The Sandwich Isles

Additionally, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) were called for the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who served as Cook’s financial backer. The Wikipedia website contains further information on the 4th Earl.

The First ‘Sandwiches’

The Jewish Rabbi Hillel the Elder, who lived in the first century B.C., is credited with establishing the Passover practice of sandwiching lamb, mixed nuts, and herbs between two pieces of unleavened bread. People in the Middle Ages used thick pieces of stale bread, known as ‘trenchers,’ to serve as plates on which they placed prepared meats and vegetables, a form of ‘open sandwich,’ although it is likely that they did not eat the stale bread. Additionally, the Dutch have long tradition of serving breadbutter with pork or fish (broodjes) or other delectable fillingstoppings (broodjes).

The 2000 years old Sandwich

Sandwich was first mentioned in writing in 664 AD, although it is likely that there was some type of town on the site during Roman times because it is extremely close to the site of the Roman fort ofRichborough (Rutupiae). The town’s name is most likely Saxon in origin, and it roughly translates as “sandy place” or “the place on the sand.” The term “sandwich” was first used to refer to a type of food more than a century later. THE OFFICIAL STATE TINKERS By no fault of its own, the National Kettle was badly in need of repair, and when the Tinkers were dispatched to fix it, look at them staring at the ground in disbelief.

Because they are so clever, the Master exclaims with delight, “It is done! Now or never!” Despite this, the Tinkers continue to smirk as they pursue their old livelihood, in the plugging of one Hole. They’re almost certain to create Two.

History of the Sandwich

Tori Avey’s website,, delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how recipes from different cultures have changed, and how dishes from the past may inspire us in the kitchen today. Learn more about Tori and The History Kitchen by visiting their website. You’re well aware that you have a favorite. This is the one that makes your stomach turn simply by looking at it. It’s the one you’d like to dig your teeth into the most. Perhaps a hot pastrami on rye with spicy mustard is more your taste, or perhaps a grilled cheese sandwich is more your thing.

  1. Americans consume over 200 sandwiches each year on average, so it’s likely that you have a favorite sandwich of your own.
  2. “A sandwich is a type of cuisine consisting of two slices of bread with a filling sandwiched between them, typically eaten as a light lunch,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
  3. So, who was it that came up with this novel method of presenting food?
  4. The fourth Earl of Sandwich, often known as John Montagu, is a historical figure who is well-known to most people.

One or two sentences in the book were created to establish a permanent link between this gastronomic innovation and the Earl of Sandwich: After four and twenty hours of intense gaming, an official minister of state was so absorbed in the game that he had no food other than a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread that he consumed without ever pausing to take a break from the game.

During my time in London, this new meal became very popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.

A “sandwich” was officially coined when you ate two slices of bread with anything in the center of them; this was the first time anyone had heard of the term.

That honorable society, of which I have the honor of being a member provides every evening a sight that is really English, wrote he in his journal on November 24, 1762: Perhaps twenty or thirty of the most distinguished gentlemen of the kingdom, dressed in the finest manner and enjoying the best of fortune, supped at little tables covered with a napkin in the center of a coffee-room, munching on cold meat or sandwiches and sipping a glass of punch The First Lord of the Admiralty, Gibbon, was in office at the time of the writing of this diary entry.

  1. Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, was well-established in the social circles of London.
  2. Charlotte Mason’s cookbook, titled The Lady’s helper for regulating and furnishing her table: Being a Complete System of Cookery, Containing One Hundred and Fifty Select Bills of Fare (now, bear with me here), had the first recorded usage of the word sandwich in a recipe in 1773.
  3. Although the Earl of Sandwich (or, maybe, his cook) gets credit for establishing the name and popularity of the sandwich, versions of the concept have existed for generations.
  4. Farm laborers in rural France had been slicing meat between slices of bread long before the sandwich was given a name, and it’s possible that the tradition began far earlier than that.
  5. When King Herod reigned in Jerusalem during the period of Hillel the Elder (about 110 BC), a Jewish leader and rabbi named Hillel the Elder proposed the idea of putting bitter herbs within unleavened matzo bread, it was revolutionary.
  6. According to Hillel’s straightforward proposal of sandwiching the two items together, it’s possible that this was already a popular method of serving food in the Middle East.
  7. The contents were no longer confined to cold meat, as recipes asked for a range of other ingredients, including as cheese, fruit, seafood, almonds, and mushrooms, in addition to the traditional cold meat.

By the end of the nineteenth century, sandwiches had acquired new names to describe their many diverse variations, such as the triple-layered “club sandwich” and the corned beef “Reuben.” Bread sandwiches gained popularity again in the late 1920s after Gustav Papendick developed an improved technique to slice and wrap bread.

  • Sandwiches grew popular among families because of its mobility and ease of preparation, and the sandwich became a lunchroom staple.
  • Orlando Montagu, the great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandson of John Montagu, started a sandwich restaurant business called–what else?–Earl of Sandwich in the early 1900s.
  • The sandwich is made up of hot roast beef, sharp cheddar cheese, and creamy horseradish sauce, all of which are served on warm bread with butter.
  • Restaurants in Cuba sell ham and cheese sandwiches on Cuban bread.
  • Throughout France, a Croque Monsieur or Croque Madame may be found in nearly every cafe.
  • Pastrami on rye is the most popular sandwich in New York, however the Reuben is a close second.

In Philadelphia, the cheesesteak is the de facto delicacy. Sandwiches are available in a limitless variety of flavors, making them one of the most popular dishes in the world. So, come on, tell the truth! What’s your favorite kind of sandwich to indulge in?

Research Sources

Georges Bonnard was a French painter who lived in the 18th century (1966). Life of Edward Gibbon: Memoirs of a Lifetime Thomas Nelson and Sons, based in London, United Kingdom. Pierre-Jean Grosley and Thomas Nugent (translators) (1772). M. Grosley’s A Tour to London; or, New Observations on England and Its Inhabitants is a collection of essays on the city of London. Lockyer Davis is based in London, United Kingdom. Theodore Rodger, N.A.M. (1994). The Fourth Earl of Sandwich, sometimes known as “The Insatiable Earl,” lived from 1718 to 1792.

  • Norton & Company, New York, New York.
  • Smith is the author of this work (2007).
  • Oxford University Press, New York, New York, New York James Trager is a writer who lives in New York City (1995).
  • New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world.
  • Tori’s website, The History Kitchen, contains a wealth of information on the intriguing history of food.

Meet the Author

Tori Avey is a culinary writer and recipe developer who is also the founder of the website She delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how meals from different cultures have changed, and how food from the past may serve as inspiration for us in the kitchen right now. Among the websites where Tori’s food writing and photography have featured are CNN, Bon Appetit, Zabar’s, Williams-Sonoma, Yahoo Shine, Los Angeles Weekly, and The Huffington Post, among others.

More Sandwiches

Thesandwich, which is the most popular food item among people all over the world, may be used as a noun or a verb, and it is commonly pronounced as SAND wich. Additionally, aside from its more obvious occupation of being something edible sandwiched between two or more slices of bread (metaphorically speaking), it also enjoys squeezing into spaces between two or more other people; for example, he is willing to sandwichan appointment in between two other meetings or his car was sandwiched between two other cars in the parking lot.

According to folklore, he requested that a server bring him roast meat sandwiched between two slices of bread.

In order to avoid getting his fingers greasy while playing cards, the Earl had the meat served on pieces of bread, according to the story I heard. That the name of this “sex fiend” could have gone down in history as being associated with such a seemingly innocuous product of food is remarkable.

The Earl of Sandwich, the sandwich, and the town of Sandwich

The title “Earl of Sandwich” is derived from the Old English (O.E.) word “Sandwic,” which literally translates as “sand village,” “sandy place,” or “Place on the Sand.” The Earl of Sandwich was born in the town of Sandwich in the county of Essex in the United Kingdom. The wordwici is derived from the Latin wordvicus, which means “hamlet,” and which also gives us the wordvicinity. The village was first mentioned in writing somewhere around the year 640 A.D. Hereditary English titles may be perplexing, according to Sue Fielder, who wrote about it on her Open Sandwichsite (which we have copied with her permission).

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According to legend, the First Earl, Edward Montagu, originally intended to take the title of the Earl of Portsmouth—this may have been changed to honor the town of Sandwich because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off the coast of Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England—but the title of the Earl of Sandwich was eventually adopted.

It is possible that a sandwich would have been known as a “portsmouth” if the First Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind about the name.

After all, why not?

The Fourth Earl of Sandwich was considered one of the most immoral men of his time.

John Montagu is claimed to have been immoral in both his private and public lives, and gambling was just one of his many vices, according to historical accounts. He was the First Lord of the Admiralty at the time, and he was inept and extremely corrupt. In fact, it is extremely possible that his misdeeds as the head admiral of the English fleet had a role in the success of the American Revolution by allowing the country to gain independence. Sandwich, according to Jane Polley, “managed to put the British Navy into a state of complete disarray around the time that the American Revolution began—a contribution that was at least as crucial as the munchable meal.” The Earl was a member of a Satanist club known as “The Friars of St.

According to him, virgins were his specialty because “the corrupting of purity, for its own purpose,” was something he relished doing for himself.

He was also referred to as “the most widely despised individual in the United Kingdom.” Sandwich, according to Daniel Mannix in his book The Hell Fire Club, “was not only anti-religious, but he was also viciously anti-democratic.” He resented the general population and was hostile to any public person who attempted to obtain a better deal for the average man or woman.

The fact that he was friends with the King and had authority over the English Navy made Sandwich one of the most influential individuals in history, and he was instrumental in shaping the fate of the British Empire.”

There is still another view as to where the Earl of Sandwich applied his eating style

Following are some of the points made in an essay by John Brewer, which appeared in the May 2005 edition of theSmithsonianmagazine and was titled: “Fatal Triangle”:

  • On the evening of April 7, 1779, unseasonably high temperatures and high humidity did not deter Londoners from their normal pursuits of business and pleasure. Over at Whitehall, the Earl of Sandwich, the first lord of the admiralty, addressed the prosecution of the American war with his hurried colleagues
  • And Sandwich, a tall, ungainly man in his 60s who was renowned as a libertine, was a fervent follower of the sport of cricket and a great supporter of music, particularly the work of George Frideric Handel. He was a crucial strategist in bringing the 13 colonies to heel. He was also a politician who put in long hours and was harsh
  • The snack that carries the Earl of Sandwich’s name, which was initially produced by sandwiching a slice of salted beef between two pieces of bread, was not devised to allow the earl to spend more time at the gaming table, as tradition has it, but to allow him to spend more time at the office. Sandwich’s late-night labors on this particular occasion, despite the fact that he had originally intended to go to the theater, were necessitated by a grave threat to his political future. In 1812, the war in America was deteriorating, George III’s administration was in chaos, and it appeared as if Sandwich may be sacrificed in order to please government critics. Sandwich’s mistress, Martha Ray, was 35 years old at the time. Previously, Ray had worked as a milliner’s apprentice before meeting the earl
  • At this time, she had been Sandwich’s mistress for more than sixteen years, the mother of five of his six children, and his public consort
  • She was also the daughter of a corset manufacturer. In terms of height, she stood around five feet five inches tall, and she was characterized as having “a permanent grin on her visage, which make her appealing to every onlooker.” That particular evening, Martha Ray was fatally shot in the head while attempting to board her carriage after attending a theatrical performance. The shooter, identified only as James Hackman, “pulled two pistols from his pockets, shot Ray with the one in his right hand, and shot himself with the other.” He was a hackman, according to author and gossip Horace Walpole “turned behind her and tugged her by the gown
  • As she turned around, he brought the pisol up to her forehead and shot her in the head. He then attempted to kill himself with another pistol, but the round only managed to graze his brow. He then sought to bash out his own brains with the pistol, and he is more seriously injured by those blows than by the ball.” Hackman writhed on the ground, unable to move “slapping himself on the back of the head and screaming, ‘o! kill me!’ . for God’s sake, put me to death!” Martha Ray had apparently been in love with James Hackman for some time prior to the murder, and it is thought that Hackman became extremely enraged when he observed Ray being touched by another man who was assisting her through a mob and into her carriage. In the beginning, he had intended to just commit himself, but his emotional misery had been so intense that he had entirely lost control of his reasonable judgement

Continue readingSandwich, Part 2 here.

The Origin of Hoagies, Grinders, Subs, Heroes, and Spuckies

We all know the tale of how sandwiches came to be: in the 18th century, the Earl of Sandwich, a wise man named John, began requesting that his staff serve him meat sandwiched between two slices of bread to make for speedy meals. His modern-day forefathers, on the other hand, maintain that he was simply a busy person who needed to get some things done. On the other hand, over Super Bowl weekend, we aren’t simply interested in ordinary old sandwiches. We want taste bombs that are foot-long (or six-foot-long) and loaded with meat and cheese, the kind of super-sandwiches we call “subs.” You may also order “hoagies,” “grinders,” “po’ boys,” or “spuckies,” or, if you’re from Yonkers, you could get “wedges.” It’s actually just one type of sandwich, so why are there so many different names for it, and where did they come from?

The origins of some of the sandwich’s names are fairly straightforward, but rumors have swarmed to these sandwiches like flies to honey—so here, in no particular order, are the truths and fictions behind some of our favorite sandwich’s names: Known as “subs” because they resemble submarines, the term “sub” is an acronym for “submarine sandwich.” It’s as simple as that.

  1. In addition to the Navy’s principal submarine station and a big shipbuilding yard, both of which were understandably busy during World War II, the city (or, technically, the municipality of Groton across the river from the city itself) is home to a massive shipbuilding yard.
  2. Once the sub yard began ordering 500 sandwiches a day from Capaldo to feed its employees, the sandwich became inextricably linked to submersible boats and became synonymous with them.
  3. Grinder: You’re most likely to come across one of these in New England, however the more common “sub” has taken over the majority of the territory there.
  4. Subs, with their Italian bread and mounds of ingredients, were more difficult to chew through than your standard ham and cheese on white bread on a cold day.

A point of clarification for the nitpickers: there have been periods in New England grinder history when grinders were hot and subs were cold, but this has come and gone throughout the decades as well.

Why are they called Sandwiches?

People eating meat and/or veggies on or in bread has been around for almost as long as bread has been in existence! Indeed, but then along came a nobleman who liked to play cards. It is believed that the contemporary sandwich was named after Lord John Montague, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, however this may not be a historically accurate depiction of the man. Lord Sandwich, a “dedicated” gambler, disliked the idea of taking a break from the game to eat something healthy. As a result, he would request that casino servers bring him pieces of meat sandwiched between two slices of bread; this was a custom that was well-known among his gambling buddies.


Rodger, offers an alternate version of the event, claiming that Sandwich’s devotion to the navy, politics, and the arts made it more plausible that the first sandwich was enjoyed at his desk at work.


Our family is well-versed in the art of making excellent sandwiches. Sandwiches have been a part of our culture since 1762, when we invented the sandwich. Earl of Sandwich TM is the culmination of more than 250 years of expertise. Traditional family recipes produced with fresh ingredients are our secret, as is our famed artisan bread, which is cooked fresh when you want it. We are a family who enjoys preparing sandwiches, and we genuinely hope that you will enjoy eating them as much as we do.

A Noble Beginning

In 1762, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich®, conceived the supper that would revolutionize the way people ate for the rest of their lives. According to the narrative, he was playing cards and didn’t want to get up from the game table to get something to eat. It was his request that a portion of roast meat be sandwiched between two slices of bread so that he could eat it with his hands. As a result, the Sandwich was created.

The Legacy Continues

Who better to carry on the sandwich’s legacy than the descendants of the man who invented the sandwich? Founder and CEO of Planet Hollywood® Robert Earl teamed up with the 11th Earl of Sandwich®, Lord John Montagu, and his son, The Honorable Orlando Montagu, direct descendants of the sandwich’s originator, to develop the Earl of Sandwich® restaurant concept in 2004.

Our Commitment to Quality

The Earl of Sandwich® restaurants have embraced the sandwich idea more than two hundred fifty years after the inception of the sandwich and have transformed the concept into a freshly baked sandwich unlike any other. Our sandwich-centric menu pays homage to the art of the sandwich. From our classic namesakes, such as The Original 1762® and The Full Montagu, to our fresh salads, we think that the best quality ingredients should be used in every dish we offer at Montagu.

As a rule, we feel that sandwiches should be more than just a quick meal; they should be thoughtfully prepared and completely savored. We started by making the first sandwich. Now we’re going to cook the finest sandwich ever. EARL OF SANDWICH® – THE MOST DELICIOUS HOT SANDWICH® IN THE WORLD

The Nibble: Sandwich History

A delicious grilled cheese sandwich made with gilded rustic Italian bread, grilled veggies, and melted mozzarella. The Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board provided the image used in this post. The month of September 2009 The most recent update was made in April 2018.

Product Reviews/Main Nibbles/Bread Products

BEFORE THE Earl of Sandwich gave his name to the notion, men had surely sandwiched meat and cheese between pieces of bread since it was a convenient method for field laborers and travelers to eat while on the road. However, there was no formal term for it; simply stating “bread with cheese” or “lamb in pita” was sufficient explanation. Despite the fact that the Earl didn’t even give the sandwich its name, he was the first person in London to order meat between two slices of bread in order to eat with one hand while continuing to gamble with the other, so igniting the desire for what would become known as the sandwich.

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Sandwich History

However, while the Earl of Sandwich is credited with “inventing” the sandwich in 1762, the principle of bread and filling is believed to have existed as far back as 9000 B.C.E., when permanent settlements were established in the Middle East and hunter-gatherers began to plant and harvest grain. The sandwich is a combination of bread and filling, which is typically made of bread and filling. These grains were used to make the world’s first breads, which were unleavened flatbreads cooked over an open fire.

  1. The first known sandwich in history was constructed by Rabbi Hillel, who resided in Jerusalem during the reign of King Herod in the first century B.C.E.
  2. The bitter herbs ormaror (usually grated horseradish) atop matzoh were served alongside a sweet filling of chopped apples and almonds, seasoned with cinnamon, and the whole thing was topped with a second slice of matzoh, as is customary during the Jewish holiday of Passover.
  3. A French assertion that travelers and field laborers carried meat between two pieces of black bread, long before the “sandwich” became popular is quoted by Becky Mercuri, author of American Sandwich, who references researcher J.
  4. Schebel on the subject.
  5. Because it was only because of the celebrity of the fourth Earl of Sandwich that it was given a proper name.
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John Montagu, Fourth Earl Of Sandwich

Even though slices of bread with meat and cheese have been eaten since the invention of the loaf of bread, it is believed that the term “sandwich” was coined one evening in 1762 at the Beef Steak Club, a private gentleman’s club located above Covent Garden in London, during a meeting of the Beef Steak Club. John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), requested that such a meal be provided to him in order for him to be able to continue playing cards at the gaming table without stopping for supper.

It is said that Montagu was inspired by his diplomatic excursions to the Mediterranean, where he watched Greeks and Turks eating pita bread stuffed with meat and various ingredients, and that this provided the inspiration for his invention.

While lunch (formerly known as noon dinner) was the primary meal of the day during the nineteenth century, dinner (then known as evening dinner) was a lighter meal where the leftovers from lunch were frequently converted into sandwiches.

Sandwiches were served at tea parties and picnics after that. Taverns and train stations served them, and the “club sandwich” was created at a private country club where they were popular.

Coming To America

Traditions from the United Kingdom quickly crossed the pond. While no one can pinpoint the exact date when a sandwich was first served in the United States, Eliza Leslie was the first person to publish a sandwich recipe in 1837, in Miss Leslie’s Directions For Cookery, which is still in print today. One of the sandwiches, a ham sandwich with mustard on lightly buttered bread, has remained popular over the years. As reported by Mercuri, sandwiches had become standard supper fare as well as travel food by the late 1860s.

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Sandwich, a Background of its Origin – Wyzant Lessons

Thesandwich, which is the most popular food item among people all over the globe, may be used as a noun or a verb, and its name is commonly pronounced as SAND wich (sandwich). Aside from its more obvious profession of being something edible sandwiched between two or more pieces of bread, figuratively speaking, it also enjoys squeezing in between two or more other people, places, objects, materials, or other things of like nature. For example, he is willing to sandwich an appointment between two other appointments, or he is willing to have his automobile sandwiched between two other cars in the parking lot when he arrives.

According to folklore, he requested that a server bring him roast meat sandwiched between two slices of bread.

The Earl was able to continue wagering while eating his snack.

It’s remarkable that the name of this depraved individual could have gone down in history as being associated with such a harmless piece of food.

The Earl of Sandwich, the sandwich, and the town of Sandwich

The title “Earl of Sandwich” is derived from the Old English (O.E.) word “Sandwic,” which literally translates as “sand village,” “sandy location,” or “place on the sand.” The title is derived from the Old English (O.E.) word “Sandwic.” The wordwici is derived from the Latin wordvicus, which means “hamlet,” and which also gives us the wordvicinity. The oldest written mention of the town dates back to around 640 CE. Hereditary English titles may be perplexing, according to Sue Fielder, who wrote about it on her Open Sandwichsite (which we have copied with her permission).

It appears that Edward Montagu initially planned to be known as the Earl of Portsmouth; however, this title may have been modified to commemorate the town of Sandwich, as the fleet he was leading in 1660 lay off the coast of Sandwich before sailing to bring Charles II home.

If the First Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind, a sandwich may just as easily have been referred to be a “portsmouth” sandwich. Imagine ordering a “foot long submarineportsmouth, please” or a “roast beefportsmouthon rye” and having it delivered to your door. After all, why not?

The Fourth Earl of Sandwich was considered one of the most immoral men of his time

According to legend, John Montagu was a morally reprehensible individual in both his private and public lives, with gambling being one of his minor vices. He was the First Lord of the Admiralty, and he was inept and corrupt to a high degree. In fact, it is highly possible that his misdeeds as the chiefadmiral of the English fleet had a role in the triumph of the American Revolution by allowing it to continue. Jane Polley writes that “Sandwich managed to bring the British Navy to a state of complete disarray at the time the AmericanRevolution began—a contribution at least as momentous as the munchable lunch.” The Earl was a member of a Satanist club known as “The Friars of St.

He exclaimed that he specialized in seducing virgins because “the degradation of purity, for its own reason” was something he relished.

He was also referred to as “the most widely despised individual in the United Kingdom.” Sandwich, according to Daniel Mannix in his book The Hell Fire Club, “was not only anti-religious, but he was also viciously anti-democratic.” He loathed the ordinary population and was hostile to any public figure who attempted to obtain a better deal for the average person.

He had a major impact on the fate of the British Empire.”

John Wilkes was responsible for scaring John Montagu almost to death

In the Hell Fire Club, founded by Sir Francis Dashwood, members indulged in a variety of vices included drinking, pornography written in Latin verse, whoring, black liturgies, and satanic rituals. The majority of the members were, without a doubt, more interested in the drinking and whoring than in the rites, but they all participated in the ceremonies with the exception of one. For a long time, John Wilkes, one of the Hell Fire Club’s members, appeared to be becoming more frustrated by the lengthy and tedious ceremony that was the Black Mass of the Hell Fire Club.

Wilkes didn’t relish the prospect of sitting in a robe and listening to the other “brothers” yell blasphemes and challenge God to prove His existence in their presence.

He clothed a monkey in a devil’s outfit and placed it in a huge box that was generally used to store utensils and ornaments for devil-worshipping rites and which was conveniently positioned near the altar.

It was necessary for him to cut a hole in the carpeting so that he could easily access the cord whenever he needed it.

It was only after he had kneeled with the others in faux devotion and surreptitiously tugged on the chain that the baboon was released. The baboon leaped onto the altar in fury and fright, chattering at those it must have supposed to be his tormentors.

The image of Satan terrified the mocking “worshippers”

As the gibbering monstrosity with devil’s “horns” and “tail” loomed above them, the brotherhood of Satanic worshipers looked on in horror. They rushed around in circles, yelling “The devil! The devil!” with their mouths open in horror. They attempted to flee, but the baboon intercepted them with another flying jump and landed on the Earl of Sandwich’s shoulder, causing him to fall to the ground. The Earl was terrified and tried to get the baboon away from him, but the baboon clung to him and chattered with wrath until it eventually ran out of an open window.

  1. You are aware that I did not commit even a thousandth part of the vices about which I boasted.
  2. Were it not for the fact that you had really arrived, I would never have called upon thee!” Sandwich attempted to recover his status as a hardened-impiouslecher during the remainder of the evening by delivering wild rants that were filled with the vilest of blasphemies.
  3. Despite his sardonic demeanor, he held a deep conviction in the powers of evil and lived in constant fear of being punished for his transgressions in an endless hell.
  4. The statements of Johnson on grammar, in which he stated that “the letter ‘h’ rarely, probably never, begins any except the first syllable” of a word, were made fun of by Wilkes.
  5. Such remark continued for several pages, and Johnson appears to have never forgiven Wilkes for his actions.
  6. In his response, he stated that attending the meetings provided a great opportunity to network with prominent members of the British administration.
  7. A member of The Hell Fire Club was expelled for “insulting the dignity of the Club,” according to John Wilkes.
  8. John Montagu (The Earl of Sandwich) and John Wilkes were involved in a memorable altercation that went something like this: Mr.

Sandwich passed away in 1792, and it has been claimed that his gravestone should have read, “Seldomhas any man held so many posts and done so little,” referring to the fact that he held “so many offices and did so little.” Despite claims of Satanic activity associated with the meetings of Sir Francis Dashwood’s group, The Hell Fire Club, the meetings of Dashwood, Lord Sandwich, John Wilkes, and their innergroup of thirteen consisted of, as Wilkes wrote: “A set of worthy, jolly fellows, happy disciples of Venus and Bacchus, got together to celebrate women in wine and to give more zest to the festive meeting, they plucked every luxurious idea from the ancients and enriched their own mode of living.” In spite of the fact that the Earl’s name may have been saved from obscurity by the ancestors of the sandwich, it is improbable that he was the first or even the only person to consume food in this manner.

The concept is perhaps as old as the concept of bread and left-overs.

Packed with cold meat sandwiched between big slabs of black bread, French peasants headed out for the fields as is customary. Even the Romans are believed to have chewed on layers of meat and bread known as offula (layers of meat and bread).

The 11th Earl of Sandwich comments on the Sandwich namesake

“Making bread from a renowned name” by Sarah Lyall appeared in the International Herald Tribune on July 22, 2003, and tells the story of the 11th Earl of Sandwich and his son, Orlando Montagu, who established a sandwich-selling firm known as “The Earl of Sandwich” in their hometown. The Earls of Sandwich have been represented in Parliament continuously since the 1660s, according to historical records. The fourth Earl of Sandwich was the most well-known of the family. He served as the First Lord of the Admiralty and provided funding for Captain Cook’s voyage, which resulted in the Sandwich Islands being named after him (later, these islands became present-dayHawaii).

To be more specific, “Lord Snack” was the nickname given to the 11th Earl’s grandfather.

The firm also distributes sandwiches to Waitrose stores, with the family crest emblazoned on the containers.

It currently has 19 locations in the United States, as well as one in Paris, France, and, of course, the original branch in London, where it all began.

When he goes shopping at Waitrose supermarkets, the 11th Earl particularly loves purchasing Earl of Sandwichsandwiches, each of which has the signature of the 11th Earl.

Resources for Obtaining Information Sue Fielder is a writer and editor who lives in the United Kingdom.

Morton S.

The ISI Press, Philadelphia, PA, 1985, pp.

Robert Hendrickson’s book The Origins of Words and Phrases: An Encyclopedia of their Origins The Factson File Publications, New York, p.

Sarah Lyle is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom.


Polley, Jane, and Jane Polley, eds., The Stories Behind Everyday Things. The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, New York, 1980, p. 293. The Word Histories of Webster’s. Merriam-Webster, Inc., published in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1989.

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