Where Did Sandwiches Come From?

The sandwich as we know it was popularized in England in 1762 by John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich. Legend has it, and most food historians agree, that Montagu had a substantial gambling problem that led him to spend hours on end at the card table.

  • The modern concept of a sandwich using slices of bread as found within the West can arguably be traced to 18th-century Europe.

What was the first sandwich invented?

The earliest recognizable form of a sandwich may be the Korech or “Hillel sandwich ” that is eaten during Jewish Passover. Hillel the Elder, a Jewish leader and rabbi who lived in Jerusalem during the time of King Herod (circa 110 BC), first suggested eating bitter herbs inside unleavened matzo bread.

Who actually invented the sandwich?

A Noble Beginning. In 1762, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich®, invented the meal that changed dining forever. As the story goes, he was playing cards and did not want to leave the gaming table to eat. He asked for a serving of roast beef to be placed between two slices of bread so he could eat with his hands.

Where did word sandwich come from?

The sandwich is named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an eighteenth-century English aristocrat. It is said that he ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread.

Are sandwiches British?

In England, sandwiches are seen as a staple British food. Although we may all feel that it is a standard part of the English diet, its origin is slightly more lucrative than you might think. In fact, we love them so much that we’ve created a British Sandwich Week – this year, the dates are 17 – 23 May.

Did they eat sandwiches in the 1800s?

In the mid-1800s, the word sandwich was almost synonymous with ham. If you ordered a sandwich, it was likely ham. Pioneer miners, schoolchildren and picnickers dined on sandwiches, but these were hardly the same as the ones Victorian ladies ate in those days.

Who invented the BLT sandwich?

Evan Mee for a club sandwich included bacon, lettuce, tomato, mayonnaise and a slice of turkey sandwiched between two slices of bread. While the 1928 book Seven Hundred Sandwiches by Florence A.

Did Lord sandwich invent the sandwich?

The origin of the word ‘sandwich’ for an item of food may have originated from a story about John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich. He didn’t really ‘invent’ the sandwich but he may have made it popular.

Why is a hot dog not a sandwich?

Many people argue, though, that while the hot dog technically fits the dictionary definition of a sandwich, it’s simply not a sandwich. It is its own thing. It breaks itself free of the sandwich category. People love to argue with us, but no, a hot dog is not a sandwich,” Mittenthal said.

What language is sandwich?

The title, Earl of Sandwich, comes from Old English (O.E.) Sandwic, and literally means “sand village”, “Sandy Place”, or “Place on the Sand”. The old English wic is a loan word from Latin vicus, “hamlet”, which also gives us the word vicinity. The first recorded mention of the town was around 640 A.D.

When did the word sandwich originate?

sandwich, in its basic form, slices of meat, cheese, or other food placed between two slices of bread. Although this mode of consumption must be as old as meat and bread, the name was adopted only in the 18th century for John Montagu, 4th earl of Sandwich.

Is hamburger a sandwich?

A hamburger (or burger for short) is a food, typically considered a sandwich, consisting of one or more cooked patties—usually ground meat, typically beef—placed inside a sliced bread roll or bun. The patty may be pan fried, grilled, smoked or flame broiled.

What do British people call a sandwich?

Butty. No, this isn’t in reference to a person’s behind. Rather, it’s commonly used to refer to a sandwich – especially a chip butty (white bread, butter, fries, and tomato sauce) or bacon butty.

Who started the meal deal?

Pharmacy Boots started the meal deal, but Tesco has popularised it in recent years.

What did the first sandwich look like?

It is said that ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread. Because Montagu also happened to be the Fourth Earl of Sandwich, others began to order “the same as Sandwich!” The original sandwich was, in fact, a piece of salt beef between two slices of toasted bread.

Sandwich – Wikipedia


Anegg sandwich
Main ingredients Bread,meat,cheese,salad vegetables,sauceor savouryspread

sandwich is a sort of meal consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat that is placed on or between pieces of bread, or more broadly any dish in which bread is used as a container or wrapper for another type of food, such as a salad or soup. The sandwich originated as a portable, easy finger snack in the Western culture, but it has since spread around the world. In the twenty-first century, there has been substantial disagreement regarding the precise definition of a sandwich, and more especially, whether a hot dog or an open sandwich may be classified as a sandwich.

According to the USDA, closed sandwiches must have “at least 35 percent cooked meat and no more than 50 percent bread,” while open sandwiches must contain “at least 50 percent cooked meat,” according to the criteria.

The bread can be served plain or topped with condiments such as mayonnaise or mustard to improve the flavor and texture of the sandwich.

Sandwiches are available in a variety of flavors, including savory options such as deli meats and sweet options such as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.

According to the Wall Street Journal, it is “Britain’s most significant contribution togastronomy.”


The current notion of a sandwich made of pieces of bread, as found in the Western world, may be traced back to Europe in the 18th century, according to certain historians. It is true that the usage of bread or bread-like substances to lie beneath (or underandover) other foods, or to scoop up and enclose or wrap other types of foods, predates the eighteenth century and may be found in a broad variety of far earlier societies around the world. According to legend, the ancient Jewish sageHillel the Elderwrapped lamb and bitter herbs in a softmatzah (flat, unleavened bread) during Passover, in the same manner that a modernwrap created with flatbread is done today.

  1. Bread is made in flat rounds all throughout the world, from Morocco to Ethiopia to India, in contrast to the European loaf tradition.
  2. After a meal, the food-soaked trencher was either fed to a dog or given to beggars at the tables of the affluent, or it was consumed by guests in more humble situations.
  3. Initially seen as a late-night snack that men would share while gambling and drinking, the sandwich gradually gained popularity in polite society as a late-night supper among thearistocracy and other upper-class people.
  4. It is reported that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two pieces of bread.
  5. The rumor first appeared in Pierre-Jean Grosley’sLondres(Neuchâtel, 1770), which was later translated into English as A Tour to London in 1772; Grosley’s views of London having been formed during a year spent in the city in 1765.
  6. A.
  7. Rodger, proposes an alternate theory, arguing that Sandwich’s responsibilities to the navy, as well as to politics and the arts, indicate that the first sandwich was more likely to have been enjoyed at his desk.
  8. At least seventy street vendors were selling ham sandwiches in London by 1850, and during same decade, sandwich bars were a popular type of dining place in western Holland, where they were commonly served liver and salt beef sandwiches, among other things.

Sandwiches had already become popular and quick meals in the Mediterranean region by the early twentieth century, when bread became a mainstay of the American diet as bread became a staple of the American diet.


According to the legend, after the Earl of Sandwich requested meat between two slices of bread, his guests began ordering “the same as Sandwich” as a result of his request. The first recorded written use of the English phrase was in Edward Gibbon’s notebook, when he referred to “pieces of cold meat” as a “Sandwich,” which was written in longhand. Sandwiches may have originated as a simple culinary combination known as “bread and meat” or “bread and cheese” before being widely recognized as such.

  1. The term “sandwich” is defined as a sandwich that contains at least two slices of bread.
  2. ” The dispute arose out of the question of whether a restaurant that sells burritos could move into a shopping center where another restaurant had an anti-competitive clause in its lease preventing the establishment of further “sandwich” businesses.
  3. It is also referred to as abocadillo in some circles.
  4. Sandwiches are more tightly defined in the United Kingdom and Australia than they are in the United States; they often refer to an item made from sliced bread from a loaf.
  5. Hot sliced (not ground) beef sandwiched between two pieces of toasted bread is known as a steak sandwich; it is the sliced loaf bread that separates a steak sandwich from a burger; nonetheless, a steak sandwich is not a burger.
  6. Similarly, Oreos and Custard Creams are referred to as sandwich biscuits (in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth) or sandwich cookies (in the United States) because they include a soft filling sandwiched between two baked layers.

Although initially referring to a buttered slice of bread, the term “butty” has become popular as a slang synonym for “sandwich” in various northern regions of the United Kingdom, particularly when referring to specific types of sandwiches such as the chip butty, bacon butty, or sausage butty.

In the same way, the wordangeris used to describe a sandwich in Australian slang.

The colloquial Scottish wordpiece can mean to either a sandwich or a light supper, particularly one that contains a sandwich, depending on the context. For example, the phrasejeely piece refers to a jam sandwich in its most basic form.

Pre-made sandwiches

Ever since sliced bread was first introduced in the 1920s, sandwiches have been increasingly popular at cafés, train stations, taverns, and diners. Sandwiches that were kept unopened, drying out, and curling at the edges until they were sold were common in the United Kingdom until the 1970s. Station and train canteens were infamous, and the name ” British Rail sandwich” was frequently used in jest to describe the food served there. In 1979, the British supermarket chain MarksSpencerintroduced a modest line of chilled, pre-made sandwiches that were offered in wedge-shaped boxes that were sealed to keep the sandwiches fresh for longer periods of time.

By the end of the first year, the business was looking into ways to make sandwiches on a larger scale.

In 2017, the sandwich industry in the United Kingdom produced and sold sandwiches worth £8 billion.


  • Since the development of sliced bread in the 1920s, sandwiches have been commonly available at cafés, train stations, taverns, and diners. It was common in Britain until the 1970s to see sandwiches that had been left unwrapped, drying out, and the edges curling while they were being sold. It was common to hear the term ” British Rail sandwich ” in a sarcastic context while talking about canteens in railway stations and trains. In 1979, the British shop chain MarksSpencerintroduced a modest line of chilled, pre-made sandwiches that were offered in wedge-shaped boxes that were sealed to keep them fresh for a limited period of time. The success of the modest experiment with five outlets quickly expanded to include more than one hundred establishments as the concept gained popularity. By the end of the first year, the business was looking into ways to produce sandwiches on a larger scale. After ten years, the British sandwich sector had grown to be worth £1 billion. A total of £8 billion worth of sandwiches were produced and sold by the British sandwich business every year (2017 figures).

See also

  1. AbAbelson, Jenn Abelson (10 November 2006). “Arguments were strewn across the page.” The Boston Globe is a newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts. The original version of this article was published on December 7, 2008. “sandwich,” which was retrieved on May 27, 2009. Merriam-Webster. Foundations of Restaurant ManagementCulinary Arts Level Two, which was retrieved on March 29, 2012. Pearson Publishing, 2011, p. 53, ISBN 978-0-13-138022-6
  2. Ludlow, Peter, 2011. (2014). Living Words: Meaning Underdetermination and the Dynamic Lexicon is a collection of essays about the meaning of words. It is published by Oxford University Press under the ISBN 978-0-19-871205-3 and is titled “Fundamentals of Restaurant Management” and “Culinary Arts Level Two.” ISBN 978-0-13-138022-6
  3. Becoming a Foodservice Professional, Pearson Publishing, 2011, p. 53. p. 306. ISBN1-883904-87-0
  4. AbcdeWhat’s Cooking America,Sandwiches, and the History of Sandwiches. National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation. 1999. p. 306. ISBN1-883904-87-0
  5. 2 February 2007
  6. Abc”Sandwich commemorates the 250th anniversary of the invention of the sandwich.” BBC News Online, published on May 12, 2012. Kathy Marks’s website was accessed on May 18, 2012. (17 May 1997). In the words of one critic, “BLT: British, awful, and tasteless.” See also Passover Hagadah
  7. BavliPesachim115a
  8. Meads, Chris
  9. The Independent, London
  10. BavliPesachim115b
  11. (2001). In English Renaissance play, banqueting is put forth: banqueting in English Renaissance drama Book published by Manchester University Press, p. 47, ISBN 0-7190-5567-9
  12. Ray and John are two of the most important people in the world (1673). Topographical, moral, and physiological observations gathered during a voyage across a portion of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. p.51
  13. Ray, Observations topographical, moral, and physiological
  14. Made on a voyage through part of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. London, England: John Martyn. (Vol. 1, page 1673) Grosley,Londres(Neuchatel, 1770) andA Tour to London, or, New observations on England and its inhabitants, translated from the French by Thomas Nugent(London: Printed for Lockyer Davis) 1772
  15. Hexmasters Faktoider: Sandwich: English quotes from Grosley 1772
  16. AbEncyclopedia of Food and Culture, p. 152
  17. AbEncyclopedia Solomon H. Katz, editor (Charles Scribner’s Sons: New York, 2003)
  18. Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine (Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine, editors, 2003). (2014). The Oxford Companion to Food is a collection of essays about food written by scholars from throughout the world. 712 ISBN 978-0199677337
  19. 712 ISBN 978-0199677337
  20. ISBN 978-0199677337
  21. The first appearance of the Oxford English Dictionary was in 1762
  22. White City Shopping Ctr., LP v. PR Rests., LLC, 21 Mass. L. Rep. 565 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2006)
  23. Collado, Asunción López v. PR Rests., LLC, 21 Mass. L. Rep. 565 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2006)
  24. (January 1994). Accommodation and a full range of services are provided by the hostel. 978-84-283-2035-1 is the ISBN for Asunción López Collado’s book in Spanish. “Consultorio gastronómico” (Gastronomic Consultancy) was established in 2010. La Verdad Digital S.L. is a digital agency based in Madrid, Spain (in Spanish). The Oxford English Dictionary
  25. Taste Taste: Ice Cream Sandwiches, retrieved on July 21, 2010
  26. The Oxford English Dictionary
  27. Oreo Sandwich Biscuits, according to NYmag.com Nabiscoworld.com
  28. “butty.” Oxford English Dictionary(Online ed.).Oxford University Press
  29. “butty.” Nabiscoworld.com
  30. “butty.” (Subscription or participation in a participating institution is necessary.) Regional dialect of the English language (chiefly northern). Originally, a slice of bread that had been smeared with butter was used. Now, a sandwich that has been filled
  31. (also) a sandwich that has been opened. Frequently used in conjunction with a modifying word designating the filling or topping
  32. “Butty.” dictionary.com. The word “Sarnie” was found on dictionary.com on August 13, 2019. The word “sanger” was found in the Oxford English Dictionary(Online ed.).Oxford University Press on August 13, 2019. (Subscription or participation at a participating institution is necessary.) “Parliamo Scots? – Food” (Do you speak Scots?) Scotland is in a state of apocalypse. abWilson, Bee
  33. Retrieved on November 28, 2016
  34. AbWilson, Bee (15 October 2010). Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world. AbKnight, Sam
  35. Reaktion Books, ISBN 978-1-86189-891-3
  36. AbKnight, Sam (24 November 2017). “How the Sandwich Consumed the United Kingdom.” The Guardian (ISSN 0261-3077) is a British newspaper. 4th of December, 2017
  37. Retrieved

External links

Hillel the Elder, a prominent rabbi who lived around the first century B.C., is credited with creating the first documented sandwich. His invention of the Passover ritual of sandwiching a combination of chopped nuts, apples, spices, and wine between two matzohs, which was later eaten with bitter herbs, was the beginning of the tradition. The filling between the matzahs served as a reminder of the hardship endured by the Jews prior to their escape from Egypt, and it symbolized the mortar used by the Jews during their forced labor on Egyptian construction projects.

  1. From the 6th through the 16th centuries, large chunks of gritty stale bread, known as trenchers, were used in place of plates during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
  2. The juice, the oil, and the sauces were absorbed by the trenchers, which were thick and stale.
  3. Alms are items like as clothes, food, and money that are given to the impoverished.
  4. It is apparent that trenchers were the forerunners of contemporary open-face sandwiches.
  5. After searching through hundreds of manuscripts, chiefly plays, that were written long before the Earl of Sandwich was even born, a probable (though very prosaic) explanation emerges after a lengthy and exhaustive search.
  6. Between the 16 and seventeenth centuries, these two expressions may be found throughout English dramatic literature.
  7. In Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor, Nim declares, “I love not the humour of bread and cheese.” The line is also used in other Shakespearean works.
  8. The terms “bread and meat” and “bread and cheese” are also mentioned in a slew of other plays from the same time period.

“I ate at the Cocoa Tree.That venerable establishment provides every evening a spectacle that is genuinely English.” “Twenty or thirty of the first men to enter the kingdom.sipping at little tables.on a piece of cold meat or a Sandwich” The Cocoa Tree, which was located at the intersection of Pall Mall and St.

  1. Gaming establishments in London were reserved for a select few, where individuals with similar preferences and belonging to the same social class could congregate.
  2. After 1750, only the most modest institutions persisted, which were visited by members of the general public.
  3. 1762– It is also said that the cooks at London’s Beef Steak Club, a gentlemen’s gambling club that met at the Shakespeare Tavern, were the first to create a sandwich from scratch.
  4. The Prince of Wales joined the organization as its 25th member.
  5. From November through the end of June, the members gathered on Saturdays at 5 p.m.
  6. Each member was also given the option of inviting a buddy.
  7. He rose to the position of First Lord of the Admiralty and served as a patron to Captain James Cook (who explored New Zealand, Australia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Polynesia.).

Cook gave the Hawaiian Islands their name, which he called the Sandwich Islands, in honor of himself.

It is located at the mouth of Prince William Sound.

It is alleged that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two slices of bread.

In truth, the original sandwich consisted of a piece of salt beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted ciabatta bread.


Rodger points out that the only source for giving Montagu credit for inventing the sandwich was gossip mentioned in a travel book by Grosley, and that at the time in question 1765, he was known to be very busy, and it is just as likely that he was doing so for the purpose of eating at his desk.

The story appears to have been inspired by a passage in Grosley’s Tour to London, which reads: “A minister of state spent four and twenty hours at a public gaming-table, so absorbed in play that he had no food during the entire time except a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread, which he ate without ever pausing the game.” During my time in London, this new meal became increasingly popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.” Grosley’s book is considered to be a work of travel literature.

No supporting evidence exists for this bit of rumor, and it does not appear very plausible that it has any basis in fact, especially given that it pertains to 1765, when Sandwich was a Cabinet minister and quite busy.

According to the alternative explanation, he invented it to keep himself nourished while working at his desk, which appears plausible given the long hours he worked from an early start, in an era when dinner was the only substantial meal of the day and dinner was traditionally served at four o’clock, and the fashionable hour to dine was four in the afternoon.


Prepare a few extremely thin slices of cold cooked ham and sandwich them between two pieces of toasted sourdough bread.

They are served at supper and lunchtime tables.

Sandwiches have evolved into a convenient, portable lunch for both workers and schoolchildren. The following link will take you back to the main History Index Page:HERE.


MenuHomeEntertainmentPop CultureFoodsandwichA sandwich is a piece of meat, cheese, or other food sandwiched between two slices of bread in its most basic form. Sandwiches were named after John Montagu, 4th earl ofSandwich in the 18th century, despite the fact that this manner of eating must have existed as long as meat and bread. The author of a contemporary French travel book claims that Sandwich had sliced meat and bread brought to him at the gaming table on one occasion so that he could continue to play while eating; it is more likely, however, that he ate these sandwiches while working at his desk or that the world became aware of them when he requested them in London society, according to the account.

Since then, the sandwich has found its way into practically every cuisine in the Western world, thanks to its ease of preparation, portability, and seemingly limitless variation.

They can be served hot or cold.

Scandi smörrebrdare served open-faced, with skillfully constructed toppings of fish, cut meats, and salads, as well as a choice of dressings.

United States contributed elaborate sandwich formulas, with the club sandwich, which consists of sliced chicken or turkey, bacon, lettuce, and tomato as well as the Reuben sandwich (which consists of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian dressing served grilled on black bread) being the most successful.

bacon Bacon slices are used to make this sandwich.


Our family is well-versed in the art of making excellent sandwiches. Sandwiches have been a part of our culture since 1762, when we invented the sandwich. Earl of Sandwich TM is the culmination of more than 250 years of expertise. Traditional family recipes produced with fresh ingredients are our secret, as is our famed artisan bread, which is cooked fresh when you want it. We are a family who enjoys preparing sandwiches, and we genuinely hope that you will enjoy eating them as much as we do.

A Noble Beginning

In 1762, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich®, conceived the supper that would revolutionize the way people ate for the rest of their lives.

According to the narrative, he was playing cards and didn’t want to get up from the game table to get something to eat. It was his request that a portion of roast meat be sandwiched between two slices of bread so that he could eat it with his hands. As a result, the Sandwich was created.

The Legacy Continues

Who better to carry on the sandwich’s legacy than the descendants of the man who invented the sandwich? Founder and CEO of Planet Hollywood® Robert Earl teamed up with the 11th Earl of Sandwich®, Lord John Montagu, and his son, The Honorable Orlando Montagu, direct descendants of the sandwich’s originator, to develop the Earl of Sandwich® restaurant concept in 2004.

Our Commitment to Quality

The Earl of Sandwich® restaurants have embraced the sandwich idea more than two hundred fifty years after the inception of the sandwich and have transformed the concept into a freshly baked sandwich unlike any other. Our sandwich-centric menu pays homage to the art of the sandwich. From our classic namesakes, such as The Original 1762® and The Full Montagu, to our fresh salads, we think that the best quality ingredients should be used in every dish we offer at Montagu. As a rule, we feel that sandwiches should be more than just a quick meal; they should be thoughtfully prepared and completely savored.

Now we’re going to cook the finest sandwich ever.

Sandwich Kent England UK: Origin of the Sandwich

The Earl of Sandwich® restaurants have embraced the sandwich idea more than two hundred fifty years after the inception of the sandwich and have transformed the concept into a freshly baked sandwich cooked to order. A homage is paid to the art of the sandwich on our menu. In everything we offer, from our classic namesakes like The Original 1762® and The Full Montagu to our fresh salads, we believe in employing only the greatest quality ingredients possible. Sandwiches, we feel, should be more than just a quick meal; they should be meticulously constructed and savored to the fullest.

We’ve figured out how to make the finest sandwich possible.

Confusing Titles

Hereditary English titles might be difficult to understand. The line of the Earls of Sandwich has no true ties to the town of Sandwich, other than the title they hold. Because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England, it is possible that the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, intended to take the title of the Earl ofPortsmouth was changed to the Earl of Sandwich as a gesture of courtesy toward the town of Sandwich.

*We could be eating a ‘Portsmouth’!

It is widely believed in this area that the term “sandwich” refers to a type of food that has no connection to the town, but rather with John Montagu, who happened to hold the title at the time. In fact, if the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind about his title, the term “sandwich” would have been more appropriate for the item of food.

The Sandwich Isles

Aside from the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), Captain James Cook named them after the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who served as his financial sponsor.More information on the 4th Earl may be read on the Wikipedia page.

The First ‘Sandwiches’

The Jewish Rabbi Hillel the Elder, who lived in the first century B.C., is credited with establishing the Passover practice of sandwiching lamb, mixed nuts, and herbs between two pieces of unleavened bread. People in the Middle Ages used thick pieces of stale bread, known as ‘trenchers,’ to serve as plates on which they placed prepared meats and vegetables, a form of ‘open sandwich,’ although it is likely that they did not eat the stale bread.

Additionally, the Dutch have long tradition of serving breadbutter with pork or fish (broodjes) or other delectable fillingstoppings (broodjes). More information may be found on Wikipedia under the headings Hillel the Elder andTrenchersandDutch Food.

The 2000 years old Sandwich

Sandwich was first mentioned in writing in 664 AD, although it is likely that there was some type of town on the site during Roman times because it is extremely close to the site of the Roman fort ofRichborough (Rutupiae). The town’s name is most likely Saxon in origin, and it roughly translates as “sandy place” or “the place on the sand.” The term “sandwich” was first used to refer to a type of food more than a century later. THE OFFICIAL STATE TINKERS By no fault of its own, the National Kettle was badly in need of repair, and when the Tinkers were dispatched to fix it, look at them staring at the ground in disbelief.

Now or never!” Despite this, the Tinkers continue to smirk as they pursue their old livelihood, in the plugging of one Hole.

History of the Sandwich

Tori Avey’s website, ToriAvey.com, delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how recipes from different cultures have changed, and how dishes from the past may inspire us in the kitchen today. Learn more about Tori and The History Kitchen by visiting their website. You’re well aware that you have a favorite. This is the one that makes your stomach turn simply by looking at it. It’s the one you’d like to dig your teeth into the most. Perhaps a hot pastrami on rye with spicy mustard is more your taste, or perhaps a grilled cheese sandwich is more your thing.

  • Americans consume over 200 sandwiches each year on average, so it’s likely that you have a favorite sandwich of your own.
  • “A sandwich is a type of cuisine consisting of two slices of bread with a filling sandwiched between them, typically eaten as a light lunch,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
  • So, who was it that came up with this novel method of presenting food?
  • The fourth Earl of Sandwich, often known as John Montagu, is a historical figure who is well-known to most people.

One or two sentences in the book were created to establish a permanent link between this gastronomic innovation and the Earl of Sandwich: After four and twenty hours of intense gaming, an official minister of state was so absorbed in the game that he had no food other than a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread that he consumed without ever pausing to take a break from the game.

During my time in London, this new meal became very popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.

A “sandwich” was officially coined when you ate two slices of bread with anything in the center of them; this was the first time anyone had heard of the term.

That honorable society, of which I have the honor of being a member provides every evening a sight that is really English, wrote he in his journal on November 24, 1762: Perhaps twenty or thirty of the most distinguished gentlemen of the kingdom, dressed in the finest manner and enjoying the best of fortune, supped at little tables covered with a napkin in the center of a coffee-room, munching on cold meat or sandwiches and sipping a glass of punch The First Lord of the Admiralty, Gibbon, was in office at the time of the writing of this diary entry.

  1. Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, was well-established in the social circles of London.
  2. Charlotte Mason’s cookbook, titled The Lady’s helper for regulating and furnishing her table: Being a Complete System of Cookery, Containing One Hundred and Fifty Select Bills of Fare (now, bear with me here), had the first recorded usage of the word sandwich in a recipe in 1773.
  3. Although the Earl of Sandwich (or, maybe, his cook) gets credit for establishing the name and popularity of the sandwich, versions of the concept have existed for generations.
  4. Farm laborers in rural France had been slicing meat between slices of bread long before the sandwich was given a name, and it’s possible that the tradition began far earlier than that.
  5. When King Herod reigned in Jerusalem during the period of Hillel the Elder (about 110 BC), a Jewish leader and rabbi named Hillel the Elder proposed the idea of putting bitter herbs within unleavened matzo bread, it was revolutionary.
  6. According to Hillel’s straightforward proposal of sandwiching the two items together, it’s possible that this was already a popular method of serving food in the Middle East.
  7. The contents were no longer confined to cold meat, as recipes asked for a range of other ingredients, including as cheese, fruit, seafood, almonds, and mushrooms, in addition to the traditional cold meat.

By the end of the nineteenth century, sandwiches had acquired new names to describe their many diverse variations, such as the triple-layered “club sandwich” and the corned beef “Reuben.” Bread sandwiches gained popularity again in the late 1920s after Gustav Papendick developed an improved technique to slice and wrap bread.

  1. Sandwiches grew popular among families because of its mobility and ease of preparation, and the sandwich became a lunchroom staple.
  2. Orlando Montagu, the great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandson of John Montagu, started a sandwich restaurant business called–what else?–Earl of Sandwich in the early 1900s.
  3. The sandwich is made up of hot roast beef, sharp cheddar cheese, and creamy horseradish sauce, all of which are served on warm bread with butter.
  4. Restaurants in Cuba sell ham and cheese sandwiches on Cuban bread.
  5. Throughout France, a Croque Monsieur or Croque Madame may be found in nearly every cafe.
  6. Pastrami on rye is the most popular sandwich in New York, however the Reuben is a close second.

In Philadelphia, the cheesesteak is the de facto delicacy. Sandwiches are available in a limitless variety of flavors, making them one of the most popular dishes in the world. So, come on, tell the truth! What’s your favorite kind of sandwich to indulge in?

Research Sources

Georges Bonnard was a French painter who lived in the 18th century (1966). Life of Edward Gibbon: Memoirs of a Lifetime Thomas Nelson and Sons, based in London, United Kingdom. Pierre-Jean Grosley and Thomas Nugent (translators) (1772). M. Grosley’s A Tour to London; or, New Observations on England and Its Inhabitants is a collection of essays on the city of London. Lockyer Davis is based in London, United Kingdom. Theodore Rodger, N.A.M. (1994). The Fourth Earl of Sandwich, sometimes known as “The Insatiable Earl,” lived from 1718 to 1792.

  • Norton & Company, New York, New York.
  • Smith is the author of this work (2007).
  • Oxford University Press, New York, New York, New York James Trager is a writer who lives in New York City (1995).
  • New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world.
  • Tori’s website, The History Kitchen, contains a wealth of information on the intriguing history of food.

Meet the Author

Tori Avey is a culinary writer and recipe developer who is also the founder of the website ToriAvey.com. She delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how meals from different cultures have changed, and how food from the past may serve as inspiration for us in the kitchen right now. Among the websites where Tori’s food writing and photography have featured are CNN, Bon Appetit, Zabar’s, Williams-Sonoma, Yahoo Shine, Los Angeles Weekly, and The Huffington Post, among others.

More Sandwiches

A delicious grilled cheese sandwich made with gilded rustic Italian bread, grilled veggies, and melted mozzarella. The Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board provided the image used in this post. The month of September 2009 The most recent update was made in April 2018.

Product Reviews/Main Nibbles/Bread Products

BEFORE THE Earl of Sandwich gave his name to the notion, men had surely sandwiched meat and cheese between pieces of bread since it was a convenient method for field laborers and travelers to eat while on the road. However, there was no formal term for it; simply stating “bread with cheese” or “lamb in pita” was sufficient explanation. Despite the fact that the Earl didn’t even give the sandwich its name, he was the first person in London to order meat between two slices of bread in order to eat with one hand while continuing to gamble with the other, so igniting the desire for what would become known as the sandwich.

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Sandwich History

However, while the Earl of Sandwich is credited with “inventing” the sandwich in 1762, the principle of bread and filling is believed to have existed as far back as 9000 B.C.E., when permanent settlements were established in the Middle East and hunter-gatherers began to plant and harvest grain. The sandwich is a combination of bread and filling, which is typically made of bread and filling. These grains were used to make the world’s first breads, which were unleavened flatbreads cooked over an open fire.

  • The first known sandwich in history was constructed by Rabbi Hillel, who resided in Jerusalem during the reign of King Herod in the first century B.C.E.
  • The bitter herbs ormaror (usually grated horseradish) atop matzoh were served alongside a sweet filling of chopped apples and almonds, seasoned with cinnamon, and the whole thing was topped with a second slice of matzoh, as is customary during the Jewish holiday of Passover.
  • A French assertion that travelers and field laborers carried meat between two pieces of black bread, long before the “sandwich” became popular is quoted by Becky Mercuri, author of American Sandwich, who references researcher J.
  • Schebel on the subject.

Because it was only because of the celebrity of the fourth Earl of Sandwich that it was given a proper name.

John Montagu, Fourth Earl Of Sandwich

Even though slices of bread with meat and cheese have been eaten since the invention of the loaf of bread, it is believed that the term “sandwich” was coined one evening in 1762 at the Beef Steak Club, a private gentleman’s club located above Covent Garden in London, during a meeting of the Beef Steak Club. John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), requested that such a meal be provided to him in order for him to be able to continue playing cards at the gaming table without stopping for supper.

It is said that Montagu was inspired by his diplomatic excursions to the Mediterranean, where he watched Greeks and Turks eating pita bread stuffed with meat and various ingredients, and that this provided the inspiration for his invention.

While lunch (formerly known as noon dinner) was the primary meal of the day during the nineteenth century, dinner (then known as evening dinner) was a lighter meal where the leftovers from lunch were frequently converted into sandwiches.

Sandwiches were served at tea parties and picnics after that.

Coming To America

Traditions from the United Kingdom quickly crossed the pond. While no one can pinpoint the exact date when a sandwich was first served in the United States, Eliza Leslie was the first person to publish a sandwich recipe in 1837, in Miss Leslie’s Directions For Cookery, which is still in print today. One of the sandwiches, a ham sandwich with mustard on lightly buttered bread, has remained popular over the years. As reported by Mercuri, sandwiches had become standard supper fare as well as travel food by the late 1860s.

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Sandwich, the Origin, Part 1 of 2

Thesandwich, which is the most popular food item among people all over the world, may be used as a noun or a verb, and it is commonly pronounced as SAND wich. Additionally, aside from its more obvious occupation of being something edible sandwiched between two or more slices of bread (metaphorically speaking), it also enjoys squeezing into spaces between two or more other people; for example, he is willing to sandwichan appointment in between two other meetings or his car was sandwiched between two other cars in the parking lot.

According to folklore, he requested that a server bring him roast meat sandwiched between two slices of bread.

In order to avoid getting his fingers greasy while playing cards, the Earl had the meat served on pieces of bread, according to the story I heard. That the name of this “sex fiend” could have gone down in history as being associated with such a seemingly innocuous product of food is remarkable.

The Earl of Sandwich, the sandwich, and the town of Sandwich

The title “Earl of Sandwich” is derived from the Old English (O.E.) word “Sandwic,” which literally translates as “sand village,” “sandy place,” or “Place on the Sand.” The Earl of Sandwich was born in the town of Sandwich in the county of Essex in the United Kingdom. The wordwici is derived from the Latin wordvicus, which means “hamlet,” and which also gives us the wordvicinity. The village was first mentioned in writing somewhere around the year 640 A.D. Hereditary English titles may be perplexing, according to Sue Fielder, who wrote about it on her Open Sandwichsite (which we have copied with her permission).

According to legend, the First Earl, Edward Montagu, originally intended to take the title of the Earl of Portsmouth—this may have been changed to honor the town of Sandwich because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off the coast of Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England—but the title of the Earl of Sandwich was eventually adopted.

It is possible that a sandwich would have been known as a “portsmouth” if the First Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind about the name.

After all, why not?

The Fourth Earl of Sandwich was considered one of the most immoral men of his time.

John Montagu is claimed to have been immoral in both his private and public lives, and gambling was just one of his many vices, according to historical accounts. He was the First Lord of the Admiralty at the time, and he was inept and extremely corrupt. In fact, it is extremely possible that his misdeeds as the head admiral of the English fleet had a role in the success of the American Revolution by allowing the country to gain independence. Sandwich, according to Jane Polley, “managed to put the British Navy into a state of complete disarray around the time that the American Revolution began—a contribution that was at least as crucial as the munchable meal.” The Earl was a member of a Satanist club known as “The Friars of St.

According to him, virgins were his specialty because “the corrupting of purity, for its own purpose,” was something he relished doing for himself.

He was also referred to as “the most widely despised individual in the United Kingdom.” Sandwich, according to Daniel Mannix in his book The Hell Fire Club, “was not only anti-religious, but he was also viciously anti-democratic.” He resented the general population and was hostile to any public person who attempted to obtain a better deal for the average man or woman.

The fact that he was friends with the King and had authority over the English Navy made Sandwich one of the most influential individuals in history, and he was instrumental in shaping the fate of the British Empire.”

There is still another view as to where the Earl of Sandwich applied his eating style

Following are some of the points made in an essay by John Brewer, which appeared in the May 2005 edition of theSmithsonianmagazine and was titled: “Fatal Triangle”:

  • On the evening of April 7, 1779, unseasonably high temperatures and high humidity did not deter Londoners from their normal pursuits of business and pleasure. Over at Whitehall, the Earl of Sandwich, the first lord of the admiralty, addressed the prosecution of the American war with his hurried colleagues
  • And Sandwich, a tall, ungainly man in his 60s who was renowned as a libertine, was a fervent follower of the sport of cricket and a great supporter of music, particularly the work of George Frideric Handel. He was a crucial strategist in bringing the 13 colonies to heel. He was also a politician who put in long hours and was harsh
  • The snack that carries the Earl of Sandwich’s name, which was initially produced by sandwiching a slice of salted beef between two pieces of bread, was not devised to allow the earl to spend more time at the gaming table, as tradition has it, but to allow him to spend more time at the office. Sandwich’s late-night labors on this particular occasion, despite the fact that he had originally intended to go to the theater, were necessitated by a grave threat to his political future. In 1812, the war in America was deteriorating, George III’s administration was in chaos, and it appeared as if Sandwich may be sacrificed in order to please government critics. Sandwich’s mistress, Martha Ray, was 35 years old at the time. Previously, Ray had worked as a milliner’s apprentice before meeting the earl
  • At this time, she had been Sandwich’s mistress for more than sixteen years, the mother of five of his six children, and his public consort
  • She was also the daughter of a corset manufacturer. She stood approximately five feet five inches tall, and she was described as having “a perpetual smile on her countenance, which rendered her agreeable to every beholder.” It was on this particular evening that Martha Ray was shot in the head while attempting to get into her carriage after seeing a theatrical performance, when James Hackman “pulled two pistols from his pockets, shot Ray with the one in his right hand, and shot himself with the other.”
  • He was a hackman, according to author and gossip Horace Walpole “turned behind her and tugged her by the gown
  • As she turned around, he brought the pisol up to her forehead and shot her in the head. He then attempted to kill himself with another pistol, but the round only managed to graze his brow. He then sought to bash out his own brains with the pistol, and he is more seriously injured by those blows than by the ball.” Hackman writhed on the ground, unable to move “slapping himself on the back of the head and screaming, ‘o! kill me!’ . for God’s sake, put me to death!” Martha Ray had apparently been in love with James Hackman for some time prior to the murder, and it is thought that Hackman became extremely enraged when he observed Ray being touched by another man who was assisting her through a mob and into her carriage. In the beginning, he had intended to just commit himself, but his emotional misery had become so intense that he had entirely lost control of his reasonable judgement.

Continue readingSandwich, Part 2 here.

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