Where Do Sandwiches Come From?

The sandwich as we know it was popularized in England in 1762 by John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich. Legend has it, and most food historians agree, that Montagu had a substantial gambling problem that led him to spend hours on end at the card table.


  • The modern concept of a sandwich using slices of bread as found within the West can arguably be traced to 18th-century Europe.

Where did sandwiches come from?

The sandwich is named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an eighteenth-century English aristocrat. It is said that he ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread.

What was the first sandwich?

The earliest recognizable form of a sandwich may be the Korech or “Hillel sandwich” that is eaten during Jewish Passover. Hillel the Elder, a Jewish leader and rabbi who lived in Jerusalem during the time of King Herod (circa 110 BC), first suggested eating bitter herbs inside unleavened matzo bread.

Who actually invented the sandwich?

A Noble Beginning. In 1762, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich®, invented the meal that changed dining forever. As the story goes, he was playing cards and did not want to leave the gaming table to eat. He asked for a serving of roast beef to be placed between two slices of bread so he could eat with his hands.

Are sandwiches British?

In England, sandwiches are seen as a staple British food. Although we may all feel that it is a standard part of the English diet, its origin is slightly more lucrative than you might think. In fact, we love them so much that we’ve created a British Sandwich Week – this year, the dates are 17 – 23 May.

Why are sandwiches called submarines?

Sandwich Names Throughout New England “Sub,” short for “submarine sandwich,” is said to come from Connecticut, where what was originally called a grinder became a sub because of the sandwich’s uncanny resemblance to the submarines in a nearby naval shipyard.

Did they eat sandwiches in the 1800s?

In the mid-1800s, the word sandwich was almost synonymous with ham. If you ordered a sandwich, it was likely ham. Pioneer miners, schoolchildren and picnickers dined on sandwiches, but these were hardly the same as the ones Victorian ladies ate in those days.

Who invented the BLT sandwich?

Evan Mee for a club sandwich included bacon, lettuce, tomato, mayonnaise and a slice of turkey sandwiched between two slices of bread. While the 1928 book Seven Hundred Sandwiches by Florence A.

Why is a hot dog not a sandwich?

Many people argue, though, that while the hot dog technically fits the dictionary definition of a sandwich, it’s simply not a sandwich. It is its own thing. It breaks itself free of the sandwich category. People love to argue with us, but no, a hot dog is not a sandwich,” Mittenthal said.

What did the first sandwich look like?

It is said that ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread. Because Montagu also happened to be the Fourth Earl of Sandwich, others began to order “the same as Sandwich!” The original sandwich was, in fact, a piece of salt beef between two slices of toasted bread.

Who invented the hamburger?

First, the Library of Congress agrees it was Louis Lassen who invented the burger when he put scraps of ground between slices of bread for fast, easy eating. And second, Lassen’s burgers are still served at Louis Lunch, a small hamburger shack in New Haven where Jeff Lassen is the fourth generation proprietor.

Who invented the grilled cheese?

While similar recipes are mentioned in Ancient Roman texts — and, let’s face it, the French have been making their famous croque monsieurs since the early 1900s — today’s notion of the grilled cheese is commonly traced back to the 1920s, when Otto Frederick Rohwedder, considered “the father of sliced bread,” invented a

What do British people call a sandwich?

Butty. No, this isn’t in reference to a person’s behind. Rather, it’s commonly used to refer to a sandwich – especially a chip butty (white bread, butter, fries, and tomato sauce) or bacon butty.

What do they call hamburgers in England?

A hamburger topped with cheese is called a cheeseburger. The term burger can also be applied to the meat patty on its own, especially in the United Kingdom, where the term patty is rarely used, or the term can even refer simply to ground beef.

Sandwich – Wikipedia


Anegg sandwich
Main ingredients Bread,meat,cheese,salad vegetables,sauceor savouryspread

sandwich is a sort of meal consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat that is placed on or between pieces of bread, or more broadly any dish in which bread is used as a container or wrapper for another type of food, such as a salad or soup. The sandwich originated as a portable, easy finger snack in the Western culture, but it has since spread around the world. In the twenty-first century, there has been substantial disagreement regarding the precise definition of a sandwich, and more especially, whether a hot dog or an open sandwich may be classified as a sandwich.

According to the USDA, closed sandwiches must have “at least 35 percent cooked meat and no more than 50 percent bread,” while open sandwiches must contain “at least 50 percent cooked meat,” according to the criteria.

The bread can be served plain or topped with condiments such as mayonnaise or mustard to improve the flavor and texture of the sandwich.

Sandwiches are available in a variety of flavors, including savory options such as deli meats and sweet options such as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.

According to the Wall Street Journal, it is “Britain’s most significant contribution togastronomy.”


The current notion of a sandwich made of pieces of bread, as found in the Western world, may be traced back to Europe in the 18th century, according to certain historians. It is true that the usage of bread or bread-like substances to lie beneath (or underandover) other foods, or to scoop up and enclose or wrap other types of foods, predates the eighteenth century and may be found in a broad variety of far earlier societies around the world. According to legend, the ancient Jewish sageHillel the Elderwrapped lamb and bitter herbs in a softmatzah (flat, unleavened bread) during Passover, in the same manner that a modernwrap created with flatbread is done today.

  1. Bread is made in flat rounds all throughout the world, from Morocco to Ethiopia to India, in contrast to the European loaf tradition.
  2. After a meal, the food-soaked trencher was either fed to a dog or given to beggars at the tables of the affluent, or it was consumed by guests in more humble situations.
  3. Initially seen as a late-night snack that men would share while gambling and drinking, the sandwich gradually gained popularity in polite society as a late-night supper among thearistocracy and other upper-class people.
  4. It is reported that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two pieces of bread.
  5. The rumor first appeared in Pierre-Jean Grosley’sLondres(Neuchâtel, 1770), which was later translated into English as A Tour to London in 1772; Grosley’s views of London having been formed during a year spent in the city in 1765.
  6. A.
  7. Rodger, proposes an alternate theory, arguing that Sandwich’s responsibilities to the navy, as well as to politics and the arts, indicate that the first sandwich was more likely to have been enjoyed at his desk.
  8. At least seventy street vendors were selling ham sandwiches in London by 1850, and during same decade, sandwich bars were a popular type of dining place in western Holland, where they were commonly served liver and salt beef sandwiches, among other things.

Sandwiches had already become popular and quick meals in the Mediterranean region by the early twentieth century, when bread became a mainstay of the American diet as bread became a staple of the American diet.


According to the legend, after the Earl of Sandwich requested meat between two slices of bread, his guests began ordering “the same as Sandwich” as a result of his request. The first recorded written use of the English phrase was in Edward Gibbon’s notebook, when he referred to “pieces of cold meat” as a “Sandwich,” which was written in longhand. Sandwiches may have originated as a simple culinary combination known as “bread and meat” or “bread and cheese” before being widely recognized as such.

  1. The term “sandwich” is defined as a sandwich that contains at least two slices of bread.
  2. ” The dispute arose out of the question of whether a restaurant that sells burritos could move into a shopping center where another restaurant had an anti-competitive clause in its lease preventing the establishment of further “sandwich” businesses.
  3. It is also referred to as abocadillo in some circles.
  4. Sandwiches are more tightly defined in the United Kingdom and Australia than they are in the United States; they often refer to an item made from sliced bread from a loaf.
  5. Hot sliced (not ground) beef sandwiched between two pieces of toasted bread is known as a steak sandwich; it is the sliced loaf bread that separates a steak sandwich from a burger; nonetheless, a steak sandwich is not a burger.
  6. Similarly, Oreos and Custard Creams are referred to as sandwich biscuits (in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth) or sandwich cookies (in the United States) because they include a soft filling sandwiched between two baked layers.

Although initially referring to a buttered slice of bread, the term “butty” has become popular as a slang synonym for “sandwich” in various northern regions of the United Kingdom, particularly when referring to specific types of sandwiches such as the chip butty, bacon butty, or sausage butty.

In the same way, the wordangeris used to describe a sandwich in Australian slang.

The colloquial Scottish wordpiece can mean to either a sandwich or a light supper, particularly one that contains a sandwich, depending on the context. For example, the phrasejeely piece refers to a jam sandwich in its most basic form.

Pre-made sandwiches

Ever since sliced bread was first introduced in the 1920s, sandwiches have been increasingly popular at cafés, train stations, taverns, and diners. Sandwiches that were kept unopened, drying out, and curling at the edges until they were sold were common in the United Kingdom until the 1970s. Station and train canteens were infamous, and the name ” British Rail sandwich” was frequently used in jest to describe the food served there. In 1979, the British supermarket chain MarksSpencerintroduced a modest line of chilled, pre-made sandwiches that were offered in wedge-shaped boxes that were sealed to keep the sandwiches fresh for longer periods of time.

By the end of the first year, the business was looking into ways to make sandwiches on a larger scale.

In 2017, the sandwich industry in the United Kingdom produced and sold sandwiches worth £8 billion.


  • Sandwich-making techniques include: grilled cheese sandwiches, sausage, egg, and cheese sandwiches, and more. Sandwiches with salmon and cream cheese served on slices of baguette An English sandwich served on a platter with no crust. Tomato-and-olive sandwich with sliced red tomatoes
  • An illustration of a sandwich in cross section

See also

  1. AbAbelson, Jenn Abelson (10 November 2006). “Arguments were strewn across the page.” The Boston Globe is a newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts. The original version of this article was published on December 7, 2008. “sandwich,” which was retrieved on May 27, 2009. Merriam-Webster. Foundations of Restaurant ManagementCulinary Arts Level Two, which was retrieved on March 29, 2012. Pearson Publishing, 2011, p. 53, ISBN 978-0-13-138022-6
  2. Ludlow, Peter, 2011. (2014). Living Words: Meaning Underdetermination and the Dynamic Lexicon is a collection of essays about the meaning of words. It is published by Oxford University Press under the ISBN 978-0-19-871205-3 and is titled “Fundamentals of Restaurant Management” and “Culinary Arts Level Two.” ISBN 978-0-13-138022-6
  3. Becoming a Foodservice Professional, Pearson Publishing, 2011, p. 53. p. 306. ISBN1-883904-87-0
  4. AbcdeWhat’s Cooking America,Sandwiches, and the History of Sandwiches. National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation. 1999. p. 306. ISBN1-883904-87-0
  5. 2 February 2007
  6. Abc”Sandwich commemorates the 250th anniversary of the invention of the sandwich.” BBC News Online, published on May 12, 2012. Kathy Marks’s website was accessed on May 18, 2012. (17 May 1997). In the words of one critic, “BLT: British, awful, and tasteless.” See also Passover Hagadah
  7. BavliPesachim115a
  8. Meads, Chris
  9. The Independent, London
  10. BavliPesachim115b
  11. (2001). In English Renaissance play, banqueting is put forth: banqueting in English Renaissance drama Book published by Manchester University Press, p. 47, ISBN 0-7190-5567-9
  12. Ray and John are two of the most important people in the world (1673). Topographical, moral, and physiological observations gathered during a voyage across a portion of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. p.51
  13. Ray, Observations topographical, moral, and physiological
  14. Made on a voyage through part of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. London, England: John Martyn. (Vol. 1, page 1673) Grosley,Londres(Neuchatel, 1770) andA Tour to London, or, New observations on England and its inhabitants, translated from the French by Thomas Nugent(London: Printed for Lockyer Davis) 1772
  15. Hexmasters Faktoider: Sandwich: English quotes from Grosley 1772
  16. AbEncyclopedia of Food and Culture, p. 152
  17. AbEncyclopedia Solomon H. Katz, editor (Charles Scribner’s Sons: New York, 2003)
  18. Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine (Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine, editors, 2003). (2014). The Oxford Companion to Food is a collection of essays about food written by scholars from throughout the world. 712 ISBN 978-0199677337
  19. 712 ISBN 978-0199677337
  20. ISBN 978-0199677337
  21. The first appearance of the Oxford English Dictionary was in 1762
  22. White City Shopping Ctr., LP v. PR Rests., LLC, 21 Mass. L. Rep. 565 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2006)
  23. Collado, Asunción López v. PR Rests., LLC, 21 Mass. L. Rep. 565 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2006)
  24. (January 1994). Accommodation and a full range of services are provided by the hostel. 978-84-283-2035-1 is the ISBN for Asunción López Collado’s book in Spanish. “Consultorio gastronómico” (Gastronomic Consultancy) was established in 2010. La Verdad Digital S.L. is a digital agency based in Madrid, Spain (in Spanish). The Oxford English Dictionary
  25. Taste Taste: Ice Cream Sandwiches, retrieved on July 21, 2010
  26. The Oxford English Dictionary
  27. Oreo Sandwich Biscuits, according to NYmag.com Nabiscoworld.com
  28. “butty.” Oxford English Dictionary(Online ed.).Oxford University Press
  29. “butty.” Nabiscoworld.com
  30. “butty.” (Subscription or participation in a participating institution is necessary.) Regional dialect of the English language (chiefly northern). Originally, a slice of bread that had been smeared with butter was used. Now, a sandwich that has been filled
  31. (also) a sandwich that has been opened. Frequently used in conjunction with a modifying word designating the filling or topping
  32. “Butty.” dictionary.com. The word “Sarnie” was found on dictionary.com on August 13, 2019. The word “sanger” was found in the Oxford English Dictionary(Online ed.).Oxford University Press on August 13, 2019. (Subscription or participation at a participating institution is necessary.) “Parliamo Scots? – Food” (Do you speak Scots?) Scotland is in a state of apocalypse. abWilson, Bee
  33. Retrieved on November 28, 2016
  34. AbWilson, Bee (15 October 2010). Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world. AbKnight, Sam
  35. Reaktion Books, ISBN 978-1-86189-891-3
  36. AbKnight, Sam (24 November 2017). “How the Sandwich Consumed the United Kingdom.” The Guardian (ISSN 0261-3077) is a British newspaper. 4th of December, 2017
  37. Retrieved

External links

Hillel the Elder, a prominent rabbi who lived around the first century B.C., is credited with creating the first documented sandwich. His invention of the Passover ritual of sandwiching a combination of chopped nuts, apples, spices, and wine between two matzohs, which was later eaten with bitter herbs, was the beginning of the tradition. The filling between the matzahs served as a reminder of the hardship endured by the Jews prior to their escape from Egypt, and it symbolized the mortar used by the Jews during their forced labor on Egyptian construction projects.

  • From the 6th through the 16th centuries, large chunks of gritty stale bread, known as trenchers, were used in place of plates during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
  • The juice, the oil, and the sauces were absorbed by the trenchers, which were thick and stale.
  • Alms are items like as clothes, food, and money that are given to the impoverished.
  • It is apparent that trenchers were the forerunners of contemporary open-face sandwiches.
  • After searching through hundreds of manuscripts, chiefly plays, that were written long before the Earl of Sandwich was even born, a probable (though very prosaic) explanation emerges after a lengthy and exhaustive search.
  • Between the 16 and seventeenth centuries, these two expressions may be found throughout English dramatic literature.
  • In Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor, Nim declares, “I love not the humour of bread and cheese.” The line is also used in other Shakespearean works.
  • The terms “bread and meat” and “bread and cheese” are also mentioned in a slew of other plays from the same time period.

“I ate at the Cocoa Tree.That venerable establishment provides every evening a spectacle that is genuinely English.” “Twenty or thirty of the first men to enter the kingdom.sipping at little tables.on a piece of cold meat or a Sandwich” The Cocoa Tree, which was located at the intersection of Pall Mall and St.

  • Gaming establishments in London were reserved for a select few, where individuals with similar preferences and belonging to the same social class could congregate.
  • After 1750, only the most modest institutions persisted, which were visited by members of the general public.
  • 1762– It is also said that the cooks at London’s Beef Steak Club, a gentlemen’s gambling club that met at the Shakespeare Tavern, were the first to create a sandwich from scratch.
  • The Prince of Wales joined the organization as its 25th member.
  • From November through the end of June, the members gathered on Saturdays at 5 p.m.
  • Each member was also given the option of inviting a buddy.
  • He rose to the position of First Lord of the Admiralty and served as a patron to Captain James Cook (who explored New Zealand, Australia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Polynesia.).

Cook gave the Hawaiian Islands their name, which he called the Sandwich Islands, in honor of himself.

It is located at the mouth of Prince William Sound.

It is alleged that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two slices of bread.

In truth, the original sandwich consisted of a piece of salt beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted ciabatta bread.


Rodger points out that the only source for giving Montagu credit for inventing the sandwich was gossip mentioned in a travel book by Grosley, and that at the time in question 1765, he was known to be very busy, and it is just as likely that he was doing so for the purpose of eating at his desk.

The story appears to have been inspired by a passage in Grosley’s Tour to London, which reads: “A minister of state spent four and twenty hours at a public gaming-table, so absorbed in play that he had no food during the entire time except a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread, which he ate without ever pausing the game.” During my time in London, this new meal became increasingly popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.” Grosley’s book is considered to be a work of travel literature.

No supporting evidence exists for this bit of rumor, and it does not appear very plausible that it has any basis in fact, especially given that it pertains to 1765, when Sandwich was a Cabinet minister and quite busy.

According to the alternative explanation, he invented it to keep himself nourished while working at his desk, which appears plausible given the long hours he worked from an early start, in an era when dinner was the only substantial meal of the day and dinner was traditionally served at four o’clock, and the fashionable hour to dine was four in the afternoon.


Prepare a few extremely thin slices of cold cooked ham and sandwich them between two pieces of toasted sourdough bread.

They are served at supper and lunchtime tables.

Sandwiches have evolved into a convenient, portable lunch for both workers and schoolchildren. The following link will take you back to the main History Index Page:HERE.


MenuHomeEntertainmentPop CultureFoodsandwichA sandwich is a piece of meat, cheese, or other food sandwiched between two slices of bread in its most basic form. Sandwiches were named after John Montagu, 4th earl ofSandwich in the 18th century, despite the fact that this manner of eating must have existed as long as meat and bread. The author of a contemporary French travel book claims that Sandwich had sliced meat and bread brought to him at the gaming table on one occasion so that he could continue to play while eating; it is more likely, however, that he ate these sandwiches while working at his desk or that the world became aware of them when he requested them in London society, according to the account.

Since then, the sandwich has found its way into practically every cuisine in the Western world, thanks to its ease of preparation, portability, and seemingly limitless variation.

They can be served hot or cold.

Scandi smörrebrdare served open-faced, with skillfully constructed toppings of fish, cut meats, and salads, as well as a choice of dressings.

United States contributed elaborate sandwich formulas, with the club sandwich, which consists of sliced chicken or turkey, bacon, lettuce, and tomato as well as the Reuben sandwich (which consists of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian dressing served grilled on black bread) being the most successful.

bacon Bacon slices are used to make this sandwich.

History of the Sandwich

Tori Avey’s website, ToriAvey.com, delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how recipes from different cultures have changed, and how dishes from the past may inspire us in the kitchen today. Learn more about Tori and The History Kitchen by visiting their website. You’re well aware that you have a favorite. This is the one that makes your stomach turn simply by looking at it. It’s the one you’d like to dig your teeth into the most. Perhaps a hot pastrami on rye with spicy mustard is more your taste, or perhaps a grilled cheese sandwich is more your thing.

  1. Americans consume over 200 sandwiches each year on average, so it’s likely that you have a favorite sandwich of your own.
  2. “A sandwich is a type of cuisine consisting of two slices of bread with a filling sandwiched between them, typically eaten as a light lunch,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
  3. So, who was it that came up with this novel method of presenting food?
  4. The fourth Earl of Sandwich, often known as John Montagu, is a historical figure who is well-known to most people.

One or two sentences in the book were created to establish a permanent link between this gastronomic innovation and the Earl of Sandwich: After four and twenty hours of intense gaming, an official minister of state was so absorbed in the game that he had no food other than a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread that he consumed without ever pausing to take a break from the game.

During my time in London, this new meal became very popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.

A “sandwich” was officially coined when you ate two slices of bread with anything in the center of them; this was the first time anyone had heard of the term.

That honorable society, of which I have the honor of being a member provides every evening a sight that is really English, wrote he in his journal on November 24, 1762: Perhaps twenty or thirty of the most distinguished gentlemen of the kingdom, dressed in the finest manner and enjoying the best of fortune, supped at little tables covered with a napkin in the center of a coffee-room, munching on cold meat or sandwiches and sipping a glass of punch The First Lord of the Admiralty, Gibbon, was in office at the time of the writing of this diary entry.

  1. Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, was well-established in the social circles of London.
  2. Charlotte Mason’s cookbook, titled The Lady’s helper for regulating and furnishing her table: Being a Complete System of Cookery, Containing One Hundred and Fifty Select Bills of Fare (now, bear with me here), had the first recorded usage of the word sandwich in a recipe in 1773.
  3. Although the Earl of Sandwich (or, maybe, his cook) gets credit for establishing the name and popularity of the sandwich, versions of the concept have existed for generations.
  4. Farm laborers in rural France had been slicing meat between slices of bread long before the sandwich was given a name, and it’s possible that the tradition began far earlier than that.
  5. When King Herod reigned in Jerusalem during the period of Hillel the Elder (about 110 BC), a Jewish leader and rabbi named Hillel the Elder proposed the idea of putting bitter herbs within unleavened matzo bread, it was revolutionary.
  6. According to Hillel’s straightforward proposal of sandwiching the two items together, it’s possible that this was already a popular method of serving food in the Middle East.
  7. The contents were no longer confined to cold meat, as recipes asked for a range of other ingredients, including as cheese, fruit, seafood, almonds, and mushrooms, in addition to the traditional cold meat.

By the end of the nineteenth century, sandwiches had acquired new names to describe their many diverse variations, such as the triple-layered “club sandwich” and the corned beef “Reuben.” Bread sandwiches gained popularity again in the late 1920s after Gustav Papendick developed an improved technique to slice and wrap bread.

  1. Sandwiches grew popular among families because of its mobility and ease of preparation, and the sandwich became a lunchroom staple.
  2. Orlando Montagu, the great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandson of John Montagu, started a sandwich restaurant business called–what else?–Earl of Sandwich in the early 1900s.
  3. The sandwich is made up of hot roast beef, sharp cheddar cheese, and creamy horseradish sauce, all of which are served on warm bread with butter.
  4. Restaurants in Cuba sell ham and cheese sandwiches on Cuban bread.
  5. Throughout France, a Croque Monsieur or Croque Madame may be found in nearly every cafe.
  6. Pastrami on rye is the most popular sandwich in New York, however the Reuben is a close second.

In Philadelphia, the cheesesteak is the de facto delicacy. Sandwiches are available in a limitless variety of flavors, making them one of the most popular dishes in the world. So, come on, tell the truth! What’s your favorite kind of sandwich to indulge in?

Research Sources

Georges Bonnard was a French painter who lived in the 18th century (1966). Life of Edward Gibbon: Memoirs of a Lifetime Thomas Nelson and Sons, based in London, United Kingdom. Pierre-Jean Grosley and Thomas Nugent (translators) (1772). M. Grosley’s A Tour to London; or, New Observations on England and Its Inhabitants is a collection of essays on the city of London. Lockyer Davis is based in London, United Kingdom. Theodore Rodger, N.A.M. (1994). The Fourth Earl of Sandwich, sometimes known as “The Insatiable Earl,” lived from 1718 to 1792.

  • Norton & Company, New York, New York.
  • Smith is the author of this work (2007).
  • Oxford University Press, New York, New York, New York James Trager is a writer who lives in New York City (1995).
  • New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world.
  • Tori’s website, The History Kitchen, contains a wealth of information on the intriguing history of food.

Meet the Author

Tori Avey is a culinary writer and recipe developer who is also the founder of the website ToriAvey.com. She delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how meals from different cultures have changed, and how food from the past may serve as inspiration for us in the kitchen right now. Among the websites where Tori’s food writing and photography have featured are CNN, Bon Appetit, Zabar’s, Williams-Sonoma, Yahoo Shine, Los Angeles Weekly, and The Huffington Post, among others.

More Sandwiches

Our family is well-versed in the art of making excellent sandwiches. Sandwiches have been a part of our culture since 1762, when we invented the sandwich. Earl of Sandwich TM is the culmination of more than 250 years of expertise. Traditional family recipes produced with fresh ingredients are our secret, as is our famed artisan bread, which is cooked fresh when you want it. We are a family who enjoys preparing sandwiches, and we genuinely hope that you will enjoy eating them as much as we do.

A Noble Beginning

In 1762, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich®, conceived the supper that would revolutionize the way people ate for the rest of their lives. According to the narrative, he was playing cards and didn’t want to get up from the game table to get something to eat. It was his request that a portion of roast meat be sandwiched between two slices of bread so that he could eat it with his hands. As a result, the Sandwich was created.

The Legacy Continues

Who better to carry on the sandwich’s legacy than the descendants of the man who invented the sandwich?

Founder and CEO of Planet Hollywood® Robert Earl teamed up with the 11th Earl of Sandwich®, Lord John Montagu, and his son, The Honorable Orlando Montagu, direct descendants of the sandwich’s originator, to develop the Earl of Sandwich® restaurant concept in 2004.

Our Commitment to Quality

Some 250 years after the invention of the sandwich, Earl of Sandwich® restaurants have embraced the idea and crafted it into a made-to-order, freshly baked sandwich like no other. Our menu pays tribute to the art of the sandwich. From our signature namesakes like The Original 1762® and The Full Montagu, to our fresh salads, we believe in using the highest quality ingredients in everything we serve. We believe that sandwiches are more than a convenience food; they should be carefully crafted and thoroughly enjoyed.

Now we make the best sandwich.

Sandwich Kent England UK: Origin of the Sandwich

Lord Sandwich (John Montague Montague Montague Montague Montagu Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montagu) According to legend, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich was the inspiration for the word’sandwich’, which was then used to refer to a type of meal. He didn’t actually ‘create’ the sandwich, but he is credited with popularizing it. According to legend, in around 1762, he requested that meat be placed between slices of bread in order to prevent interfering with a gambling game.

However, it’s possible that customers began ordering “the same as Sandwich” soon after, and the term stuck!

Confusing Titles

Hereditary English titles might be difficult to understand. The line of the Earls of Sandwich has no true ties to the town of Sandwich, other than the title they hold. Because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England, it is possible that the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, intended to take the title of the Earl ofPortsmouth was changed to the Earl of Sandwich as a gesture of courtesy toward the town of Sandwich.

*We could be eating a ‘Portsmouth’!

It is widely believed in this area that the term “sandwich” refers to a type of food that has no connection to the town, but rather with John Montagu, who happened to hold the title at the time. In fact, if the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind about his title, the term “sandwich” would have been more appropriate for the item of food.

The Sandwich Isles

Additionally, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) were called for the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who served as Cook’s financial backer. The Wikipedia website contains further information on the 4th Earl.

The First ‘Sandwiches’

The Jewish Rabbi Hillel the Elder, who lived in the first century B.C., is credited with establishing the Passover practice of sandwiching lamb, mixed nuts, and herbs between two pieces of unleavened bread. People in the Middle Ages used thick pieces of stale bread, known as ‘trenchers,’ to serve as plates on which they placed prepared meats and vegetables, a form of ‘open sandwich,’ although it is likely that they did not eat the stale bread.

Additionally, the Dutch have long tradition of serving breadbutter with pork or fish (broodjes) or other delectable fillingstoppings (broodjes). More information may be found on Wikipedia under the headings Hillel the Elder andTrenchersandDutch Food.

The 2000 years old Sandwich

Sandwich was first mentioned in writing in 664 AD, although it is likely that there was some type of town on the site during Roman times because it is extremely close to the site of the Roman fort ofRichborough (Rutupiae). The town’s name is most likely Saxon in origin, and it roughly translates as “sandy place” or “the place on the sand.” The term “sandwich” was first used to refer to a type of food more than a century later. THE OFFICIAL STATE TINKERS By no fault of its own, the National Kettle was badly in need of repair, and when the Tinkers were dispatched to fix it, look at them staring at the ground in disbelief.

Now or never!” Despite this, the Tinkers continue to smirk as they pursue their old livelihood, in the plugging of one Hole.

A History of the Sandwich

I’ve spent the better part of half a century (yikes) writing for radio and print, with the most of my work appearing in print. I hope to be still hammering away on the keyboard when I take my final exhale. In recent years, sandwiches have gained tremendous popularity all across the world. The general public’s domain It is widely believed that John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich, was the mastermind behind what is arguably the most famous thing to have ever come out of a kitchen. Although he claimed credit for the dish, it was really created by someone else and named after him.

As the nobleman savored his food, his gaming companions took note and said, “What a brilliant idea.” “I’ll go with the same thing as Sandwich.” And the moniker has stayed.

The Sandwich Name

John Montagu’s narrative about his time at the gaming table may even be accurate, as a record of the incident has been preserved in literature. An authority on the subject, none other than Edward Gibbon, who is most known for his work, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, gives his stamp of approval to the account. At the end of a happy evening at his gentlemen’s club in 1762, Gibbon wrote in his notebook, “That honourable body, of which I have the honour of being a member, gives every evening a sight really English.” Perhaps twenty or thirty of the first men in the kingdom, in terms of fashion and riches, supping at small tables covered with a napkin, in the center of a coffee-room, eating a piece of cold meat or a sandwich and sipping a glass of punch.

A decade later, French writer Pierre-Jean Grosley shared his views on the way the English went about their daily lives with the rest of the globe.

Ancient Origins

Although the concept of sandwiching a filling between two slices of bread is not new, it was not invented overnight. The Earl of Sandwich had journeyed to the Eastern Mediterranean, where he saw people who were eating pita bread loaded with contents. It is possible to trace the Korech’s history back more than two millennia in that portion of the world. In the Jewish tradition, this is a sandwich that is eaten on the holiday of Passover. It was invented by Hillel the Elder, a rabbi who resided in Jerusalem during the reign of King Herod.

  • In between two slices of matzo unleavened bread, bitter herbs, horseradish, and lettuce are sandwiched together.
  • A sandwich from Hillel Nate Steiner’s photostream on Flickr However, this type of “sandwich” was already a staple of the region’s cuisine and had been present for thousands of years, according to historical records.
  • It’s not difficult to image these individuals sandwiching a small amount of anything, such as roasted goat, between two slices of flatbread.
  • The general public’s domain

All Praise to Otto Frederick Rohwedder

The advertising slogan stated, “The most significant advancement in the baking industry since the invention of the loaf pan.” We owe a debt of gratitude to Iowa inventor Otto Rohwedder for this civilization-advancing innovation from 1927. The creation of a bread-slicing machine was considered to be the “biggest step.”

Read More From Delishably

Prior to Otto, the act of slicing bread was usually accompanied by bleeding and, on rare occasions, the loss of a digit or two in the process. Having sliced bread available in the kitchen meant that the kids could now create their own peanut butter and jelly sandwiches without running the danger of being permanently disfigured. The availability of pre-sliced bread resulted in a surge in the popularity of sandwiches, which quickly became the go-to lunch dish for many people. In 1930, a demonstration of an electric bread cutter is held.

Sandwich Varieties

In her cookbook, Mrs. Beeton shares a recipe for a toast sandwich that is sure to please. Pay close attention now, because this is a challenging meal to assemble. It is necessary to sandwich a piece of cold toast between two pieces of bread that has been seasoned with salt and pepper. Isn’t it enough to get the juices going in anticipation of the event? Who says the English aren’t good cooks with a creative flair? Staying in the sceptered isle for another culinary masterpiece—the chip butty—seems appropriate.

  1. The chips should be really oily in order to provide a genuine British experience—a carb counter’s worst nightmare.
  2. Sandwiches are referred to as butties in northern British accent.
  3. Once again, it was a difficult creation.
  4. you guessed it.
  5. The po’ boy was born during the Great Depression in the United States.
  6. Benny and Clovis Martin, two brothers who had worked as streetcar conductors before going into the restaurant industry, were the inspiration for this story.
  7. When someone walked into the business seeking for a meal, the employees would comment, “Here comes another poor boy,” which, of course, was pronounced as “po’ boy” because of the way the word is spoken in New Orleans.

Traditionally, a po’ boy is a baguette stuffed with pork or fried fish and served with a dipping sauce. Although it is a charming narrative, respectable historians have their reservations.

Favourite Sandwiches

Let us venture beyond the confines of ham and cheese, tuna salad, and the bacon, lettuce, and tomato sandwiches to explore new possibilities. We all have a favorite movie or television show. The Reuben belongs to the author. Reuben Kulakofsky came up with the idea while working at a deli in Omaha, Nebraska. On Wednesday nights at the Blackstone Hotel, Kulakofsky participated in a poker game that was held regularly at the time. It was necessary for the group to eat something in order to remain at the table, which brings us full circle back to the Earl of Sandwich.

  1. Corned beef, sauerkraut, Swiss cheese, and Russian dressing are sandwiched between two slices of toasted rye bread, which is served on one side only due to the thinness of the slices.
  2. Kulakofsky was not a genuinely committed member of his religion, as combining meat and dairy is against Jewish dietary regulations.
  3. The general public’s domain Which one is your favorite?
  4. In this poll, the popularity of eight rather basic sandwiches is judged by the number of votes received.
  5. Please share your own personal favorites in the comments section below.

Sandwich Popularity

  • Each American consumes approximately 200 sandwiches per year, which equates to approximately 300 million sandwiches per day
  • The United States celebrates National Sandwich Day on November 3rd, the birthday of Lord Sandwich
  • The 11th Lord Sandwich teamed up with Planet Hollywood to establish a sandwich shop franchise. In the United States, there are around 30 locations. “Original 1762,” for example, is a hot roast beef sandwich with cheddar cheese and horseradish sauce that is one of the company’s best-selling items. People did not eat their meals off plates in medieval Europe
  • Instead, food was served on a piece of stale bread that measured around six inches by four inches. This was referred to as a trencher, and it was used to absorb sauce from dishes such as venison stew. If the diner still had room for dessert after the meal, he or she might indulge in the trencher. If not, it was thrown away, fed to the dogs, or given to the destitute
  • Otherwise,


  • “Discover the Sandwich’s illustrious history.” Tori Avey, PBS, January 3, 2013
  • “A Tour to London, Or, New Observations on England and Its Inhabitants, Volume 1.” “A Tour to London, Or, New Observations on England and Its Inhabitants, Volume 1.” “Hungry?” says Pierre Jean Grosley in Lokyer Davis, 1772. “A Brief History of the Humble Sandwich.” “A Brief History of the Humble Sandwich.” “The Story of the Sandwich,” according to BBC News on July 13, 2018. Stephanie Butler, History, July 18, 2014
  • Stephanie Butler, History, July 18, 2014.

While the information contained within this article is factual and truthful to the best of the author’s knowledge, it should not be used as a substitute for formal and personalized counsel from a competent expert. 2018 Rupert Taylor & Co.

Did the Brits invent the sandwich?

The Great British Mag content team updated this page on November 2, 2021, to reflect the most recent developments. In the 1700s, a tiny town named.well, it used to be called Sandwich was the starting point for everything. A short version of this narrative is as follows: John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich, was enjoying a game of cards when he realized he was getting hungry. The problem was that he didn’t want to interrupt his game to eat since it would interrupt his enjoyment. As a result, he directed that the crew serve him steak sandwiched between two slices of bread.

It was at this point that the delicious lunchtime meal was conceived.

The town of Sandwich, which is located in the English county of Kent, still exists.

Sandwiches are, indeed, a specialty at this establishment.

We like to imagine that everyone has a favorite type of sandwich that they like eating. Classic British pairings include cheese and pickle, butter and cucumber, and roast meat and horseradish, to name a few examples.

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Sandwich, a Background of its Origin – Wyzant Lessons

Thesandwich, which is the most popular food item among people all over the globe, may be used as a noun or a verb, and its name is commonly pronounced as SAND wich (sandwich). Aside from its more obvious profession of being something edible sandwiched between two or more pieces of bread, figuratively speaking, it also enjoys squeezing in between two or more other people, places, objects, materials, or other things of like nature. For example, he is willing to sandwich an appointment between two other appointments, or he is willing to have his automobile sandwiched between two other cars in the parking lot when he arrives.

According to folklore, he requested that a server bring him roast meat sandwiched between two slices of bread.

The Earl was able to continue wagering while eating his snack.

It’s remarkable that the name of this depraved individual could have gone down in history as being associated with such a harmless piece of food.

The Earl of Sandwich, the sandwich, and the town of Sandwich

The title “Earl of Sandwich” is derived from the Old English (O.E.) word “Sandwic,” which literally translates as “sand village,” “sandy location,” or “place on the sand.” The title is derived from the Old English (O.E.) word “Sandwic.” The wordwici is derived from the Latin wordvicus, which means “hamlet,” and which also gives us the wordvicinity. The oldest written mention of the town dates back to around 640 CE. Hereditary English titles may be perplexing, according to Sue Fielder, who wrote about it on her Open Sandwichsite (which we have copied with her permission).

It appears that Edward Montagu initially planned to be known as the Earl of Portsmouth; however, this title may have been modified to commemorate the town of Sandwich, as the fleet he was leading in 1660 lay off the coast of Sandwich before sailing to bring Charles II home.

If the First Earl, Edward Montagu, had not changed his mind, a sandwich may just as easily have been referred to be a “portsmouth” sandwich. Imagine ordering a “foot long submarineportsmouth, please” or a “roast beefportsmouthon rye” and having it delivered to your door. After all, why not?

The Fourth Earl of Sandwich was considered one of the most immoral men of his time

According to legend, John Montagu was a morally reprehensible individual in both his private and public lives, with gambling being one of his minor vices. He was the First Lord of the Admiralty, and he was inept and corrupt to a high degree. In fact, it is highly possible that his misdeeds as the chiefadmiral of the English fleet had a role in the triumph of the American Revolution by allowing it to continue. Jane Polley writes that “Sandwich managed to bring the British Navy to a state of complete disarray at the time the AmericanRevolution began—a contribution at least as momentous as the munchable lunch.” The Earl was a member of a Satanist club known as “The Friars of St.

He exclaimed that he specialized in seducing virgins because “the degradation of purity, for its own reason” was something he relished.

He was also referred to as “the most widely despised individual in the United Kingdom.” Sandwich, according to Daniel Mannix in his book The Hell Fire Club, “was not only anti-religious, but he was also viciously anti-democratic.” He loathed the ordinary population and was hostile to any public figure who attempted to obtain a better deal for the average person.

He had a major impact on the fate of the British Empire.”

John Wilkes was responsible for scaring John Montagu almost to death

In the Hell Fire Club, founded by Sir Francis Dashwood, members indulged in a variety of vices included drinking, pornography written in Latin verse, whoring, black liturgies, and satanic rituals. The majority of the members were, without a doubt, more interested in the drinking and whoring than in the rites, but they all participated in the ceremonies with the exception of one. For a long time, John Wilkes, one of the Hell Fire Club’s members, appeared to be becoming more frustrated by the lengthy and tedious ceremony that was the Black Mass of the Hell Fire Club.

Wilkes didn’t relish the prospect of sitting in a robe and listening to the other “brothers” yell blasphemes and challenge God to prove His existence in their presence.

He clothed a monkey in a devil’s outfit and placed it in a huge box that was generally used to store utensils and ornaments for devil-worshipping rites and which was conveniently positioned near the altar.

It was necessary for him to cut a hole in the carpeting so that he could easily access the cord whenever he needed it.

It was only after he had kneeled with the others in faux devotion and surreptitiously tugged on the chain that the baboon was released. The baboon leaped onto the altar in fury and fright, chattering at those it must have supposed to be his tormentors.

The image of Satan terrified the mocking “worshippers”

As the gibbering monstrosity with devil’s “horns” and “tail” loomed above them, the brotherhood of Satanic worshipers looked on in horror. They rushed around in circles, yelling “The devil! The devil!” with their mouths open in horror. They attempted to flee, but the baboon intercepted them with another flying jump and landed on the Earl of Sandwich’s shoulder, causing him to fall to the ground. The Earl was terrified and tried to get the baboon away from him, but the baboon clung to him and chattered with wrath until it eventually ran out of an open window.

  1. You are aware that I did not commit even a thousandth part of the vices about which I boasted.
  2. Were it not for the fact that you had really arrived, I would never have called upon thee!” Sandwich attempted to recover his status as a hardened-impiouslecher during the remainder of the evening by delivering wild rants that were filled with the vilest of blasphemies.
  3. Despite his sardonic demeanor, he held a deep conviction in the powers of evil and lived in constant fear of being punished for his transgressions in an endless hell.
  4. The statements of Johnson on grammar, in which he stated that “the letter ‘h’ rarely, probably never, begins any except the first syllable” of a word, were made fun of by Wilkes.
  5. Such remark continued for several pages, and Johnson appears to have never forgiven Wilkes for his actions.
  6. In his response, he stated that attending the meetings provided a great opportunity to network with prominent members of the British administration.
  7. A member of The Hell Fire Club was expelled for “insulting the dignity of the Club,” according to John Wilkes.
  8. John Montagu (The Earl of Sandwich) and John Wilkes were involved in a memorable altercation that went something like this: Mr.

Sandwich passed away in 1792, and it has been claimed that his gravestone should have read, “Seldomhas any man held so many posts and done so little,” referring to the fact that he held “so many offices and did so little.” Despite claims of Satanic activity associated with the meetings of Sir Francis Dashwood’s group, The Hell Fire Club, the meetings of Dashwood, Lord Sandwich, John Wilkes, and their innergroup of thirteen consisted of, as Wilkes wrote: “A set of worthy, jolly fellows, happy disciples of Venus and Bacchus, got together to celebrate women in wine and to give more zest to the festive meeting, they plucked every luxurious idea from the ancients and enriched their own mode of living.” In spite of the fact that the Earl’s name may have been saved from obscurity by the ancestors of the sandwich, it is improbable that he was the first or even the only person to consume food in this manner.

The concept is perhaps as old as the concept of bread and left-overs.

Packed with cold meat sandwiched between big slabs of black bread, French peasants headed out for the fields as is customary. Even the Romans are believed to have chewed on layers of meat and bread known as offula (layers of meat and bread).

The 11th Earl of Sandwich comments on the Sandwich namesake

“Making bread from a renowned name” by Sarah Lyall appeared in the International Herald Tribune on July 22, 2003, and tells the story of the 11th Earl of Sandwich and his son, Orlando Montagu, who established a sandwich-selling firm known as “The Earl of Sandwich” in their hometown. The Earls of Sandwich have been represented in Parliament continuously since the 1660s, according to historical records. The fourth Earl of Sandwich was the most well-known of the family. He served as the First Lord of the Admiralty and provided funding for Captain Cook’s voyage, which resulted in the Sandwich Islands being named after him (later, these islands became present-dayHawaii).

To be more specific, “Lord Snack” was the nickname given to the 11th Earl’s grandfather.

The firm also distributes sandwiches to Waitrose stores, with the family crest emblazoned on the containers.

It currently has 19 locations in the United States, as well as one in Paris, France, and, of course, the original branch in London, where it all began.

When he goes shopping at Waitrose supermarkets, the 11th Earl particularly loves purchasing Earl of Sandwichsandwiches, each of which has the signature of the 11th Earl.

Resources for Obtaining Information Sue Fielder is a writer and editor who lives in the United Kingdom.

Morton S.

The ISI Press, Philadelphia, PA, 1985, pp.

Robert Hendrickson’s book The Origins of Words and Phrases: An Encyclopedia of their Origins The Factson File Publications, New York, p.

Sarah Lyle is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom.


Polley, Jane, and Jane Polley, eds., The Stories Behind Everyday Things. The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, New York, 1980, p. 293. The Word Histories of Webster’s. Merriam-Webster, Inc., published in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1989.

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