Who Invented Sandwiches?

In 1762, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich®, invented the meal that changed dining forever. As the story goes, he was playing cards and did not want to leave the gaming table to eat. He asked for a serving of roast beef to be placed between two slices of bread so he could eat with his hands.

Who really invented the sandwich?

  • “The bread-enclosed convenience food known as the “sandwich” is attributed to John Montagu, fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), a British statesman and notorious profligate and gambler, who is said to be the inventor of this type of food so that he would not have to leave his gaming table to take supper.

What was the first sandwich invented?

The earliest recognizable form of a sandwich may be the Korech or “Hillel sandwich ” that is eaten during Jewish Passover. Hillel the Elder, a Jewish leader and rabbi who lived in Jerusalem during the time of King Herod (circa 110 BC), first suggested eating bitter herbs inside unleavened matzo bread.

Why is it called a sandwich?

The sandwich is named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an eighteenth-century English aristocrat. It is said that he ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread. In the US, the sandwich was first promoted as an elaborate meal at supper.

Did Lord sandwich invent the sandwich?

The origin of the word ‘sandwich’ for an item of food may have originated from a story about John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich. He didn’t really ‘invent’ the sandwich but he may have made it popular.

Who invented burger?

First, the Library of Congress agrees it was Louis Lassen who invented the burger when he put scraps of ground between slices of bread for fast, easy eating.

Who invented the grilled cheese?

While similar recipes are mentioned in Ancient Roman texts — and, let’s face it, the French have been making their famous croque monsieurs since the early 1900s — today’s notion of the grilled cheese is commonly traced back to the 1920s, when Otto Frederick Rohwedder, considered “the father of sliced bread,” invented a

Did hamburgers come from China?

Roujiamo has been called the “Chinese hamburger”. Since the sandwich dates back to the Qin dynasty (221 BC–206 BC) and fits the aforementioned Chinese word for burger, Chinese media have claimed that the hamburger was invented in China.

How did the sandwich originate?

Legend has it, and most food historians agree, that Montagu had a substantial gambling problem that led him to spend hours on end at the card table. During a particularly long binge, he asked the house cook to bring him something he could eat without getting up from his seat, and the sandwich was born.

Was there really an Earl of Sandwich?

John Montagu, 4th earl of Sandwich, in full John Montagu, 4th earl of Sandwich, Viscount Hinchingbrooke, Baron Montagu of Saint Neots, (born November 13, 1718—died April 30, 1792, London, England), British first lord of the Admiralty during the American Revolution (1776–81) and the man for whom the sandwich was named.

Why is a hot dog not a sandwich?

Many people argue, though, that while the hot dog technically fits the dictionary definition of a sandwich, it’s simply not a sandwich. It is its own thing. It breaks itself free of the sandwich category. People love to argue with us, but no, a hot dog is not a sandwich,” Mittenthal said.

Why is a burger called a burger?

They actually get their name from Hamburg, Germany, home of a cut of beef called the Hamburg steak that eventually evolved into what we now consider hamburgers.

Is a hot dog a taco?

The rule is explained more in depth on its website, cuberule.com, but the basic idea is as follows: a cube has six sides, and the food’s classification is dependent on how many sides the starch surrounds the protein. If a starch surrounds a protein on three sides, it is a taco. Therefore, a hot dog is a taco.

Who is John montages?

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, PC, FRS (13 November 1718 – 30 April 1792) was a British statesman who succeeded his grandfather Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich as the Earl of Sandwich in 1729, at the age of ten.

Where is Earl of Sandwich from?

Earl of Sandwich is a noble title in the Peerage of England, held since its creation by the House of Montagu. It is nominally associated with Sandwich, Kent. It was created in 1660 for the prominent naval commander Admiral Sir Edward Montagu.

Sandwich – Wikipedia


Anegg sandwich
Main ingredients Bread,meat,cheese,salad vegetables,sauceor savouryspread

sandwich is a sort of meal consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat that is placed on or between pieces of bread, or more broadly any dish in which bread is used as a container or wrapper for another type of food, such as a salad or soup. The sandwich originated as a portable, easy finger snack in the Western culture, but it has since spread around the world. In the twenty-first century, there has been substantial disagreement regarding the precise definition of a sandwich, and more especially, whether a hot dog or an open sandwich may be classified as a sandwich.

According to the USDA, closed sandwiches must have “at least 35 percent cooked meat and no more than 50 percent bread,” while open sandwiches must contain “at least 50 percent cooked meat,” according to the criteria.

The bread can be served plain or topped with condiments such as mayonnaise or mustard to improve the flavor and texture of the sandwich.

Sandwiches are available in a variety of flavors, including savory options such as deli meats and sweet options such as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.

According to the Wall Street Journal, it is “Britain’s most significant contribution togastronomy.”


The current notion of a sandwich made of pieces of bread, as found in the Western world, may be traced back to Europe in the 18th century, according to certain historians. It is true that the usage of bread or bread-like substances to lie beneath (or underandover) other foods, or to scoop up and enclose or wrap other types of foods, predates the eighteenth century and may be found in a broad variety of far earlier societies around the world. According to legend, the ancient Jewish sageHillel the Elderwrapped lamb and bitter herbs in a softmatzah (flat, unleavened bread) during Passover, in the same manner that a modernwrap created with flatbread is done today.

  • Bread is made in flat rounds all throughout the world, from Morocco to Ethiopia to India, in contrast to the European loaf tradition.
  • After a meal, the food-soaked trencher was either fed to a dog or given to beggars at the tables of the affluent, or it was consumed by guests in more humble situations.
  • Initially seen as a late-night snack that men would share while gambling and drinking, the sandwich gradually gained popularity in polite society as a late-night supper among thearistocracy and other upper-class people.
  • It is reported that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two pieces of bread.
  • The rumor first appeared in Pierre-Jean Grosley’sLondres(Neuchâtel, 1770), which was later translated into English as A Tour to London in 1772; Grosley’s views of London having been formed during a year spent in the city in 1765.
  • A.
  • Rodger, proposes an alternate theory, arguing that Sandwich’s responsibilities to the navy, as well as to politics and the arts, indicate that the first sandwich was more likely to have been enjoyed at his desk.
  • At least seventy street vendors were selling ham sandwiches in London by 1850, and during same decade, sandwich bars were a popular type of dining place in western Holland, where they were commonly served liver and salt beef sandwiches, among other things.

Sandwiches had already become popular and quick meals in the Mediterranean region by the early twentieth century, when bread became a mainstay of the American diet as bread became a staple of the American diet.


According to the legend, after the Earl of Sandwich requested meat between two slices of bread, his guests began ordering “the same as Sandwich” as a result of his request. The first recorded written use of the English phrase was in Edward Gibbon’s notebook, when he referred to “pieces of cold meat” as a “Sandwich,” which was written in longhand. Sandwiches may have originated as a simple culinary combination known as “bread and meat” or “bread and cheese” before being widely recognized as such.

  • The term “sandwich” is defined as a sandwich that contains at least two slices of bread.
  • ” The dispute arose out of the question of whether a restaurant that sells burritos could move into a shopping center where another restaurant had an anti-competitive clause in its lease preventing the establishment of further “sandwich” businesses.
  • It is also referred to as abocadillo in some circles.
  • Sandwiches are more tightly defined in the United Kingdom and Australia than they are in the United States; they often refer to an item made from sliced bread from a loaf.
  • Hot sliced (not ground) beef sandwiched between two pieces of toasted bread is known as a steak sandwich; it is the sliced loaf bread that separates a steak sandwich from a burger; nonetheless, a steak sandwich is not a burger.
  • Similarly, Oreos and Custard Creams are referred to as sandwich biscuits (in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth) or sandwich cookies (in the United States) because they include a soft filling sandwiched between two baked layers.

Although initially referring to a buttered slice of bread, the term “butty” has become popular as a slang synonym for “sandwich” in various northern regions of the United Kingdom, particularly when referring to specific types of sandwiches such as the chip butty, bacon butty, or sausage butty.

In the same way, the wordangeris used to describe a sandwich in Australian slang.

The colloquial Scottish wordpiece can mean to either a sandwich or a light supper, particularly one that contains a sandwich, depending on the context. For example, the phrasejeely piece refers to a jam sandwich in its most basic form.

Pre-made sandwiches

Ever since sliced bread was first introduced in the 1920s, sandwiches have been increasingly popular at cafés, train stations, taverns, and diners. Sandwiches that were kept unopened, drying out, and curling at the edges until they were sold were common in the United Kingdom until the 1970s. Station and train canteens were infamous, and the name ” British Rail sandwich” was frequently used in jest to describe the food served there. In 1979, the British supermarket chain MarksSpencerintroduced a modest line of chilled, pre-made sandwiches that were offered in wedge-shaped boxes that were sealed to keep the sandwiches fresh for longer periods of time.

By the end of the first year, the business was looking into ways to make sandwiches on a larger scale.

In 2017, the sandwich industry in the United Kingdom produced and sold sandwiches worth £8 billion.


  • Sandwich-making techniques include: grilled cheese sandwiches, sausage, egg, and cheese sandwiches, and more. Sandwiches with salmon and cream cheese served on slices of baguette An English sandwich served on a platter with no crust. Tomato-and-olive sandwich with sliced red tomatoes
  • An illustration of a sandwich in cross section

See also

  1. AbAbelson, Jenn Abelson (10 November 2006). “Arguments were strewn across the page.” The Boston Globe is a newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts. The original version of this article was published on December 7, 2008. “sandwich,” which was retrieved on May 27, 2009. Merriam-Webster. Foundations of Restaurant ManagementCulinary Arts Level Two, which was retrieved on March 29, 2012. Pearson Publishing, 2011, p. 53, ISBN 978-0-13-138022-6
  2. Ludlow, Peter, 2011. (2014). Living Words: Meaning Underdetermination and the Dynamic Lexicon is a collection of essays about the meaning of words. It is published by Oxford University Press under the ISBN 978-0-19-871205-3 and is titled “Fundamentals of Restaurant Management” and “Culinary Arts Level Two.” ISBN 978-0-13-138022-6
  3. Becoming a Foodservice Professional, Pearson Publishing, 2011, p. 53. p. 306. ISBN1-883904-87-0
  4. AbcdeWhat’s Cooking America,Sandwiches, and the History of Sandwiches. National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation. 1999. p. 306. ISBN1-883904-87-0
  5. 2 February 2007
  6. Abc”Sandwich commemorates the 250th anniversary of the invention of the sandwich.” BBC News Online, published on May 12, 2012. Kathy Marks’s website was accessed on May 18, 2012. (17 May 1997). In the words of one critic, “BLT: British, awful, and tasteless.” See also Passover Hagadah
  7. BavliPesachim115a
  8. Meads, Chris
  9. The Independent, London
  10. BavliPesachim115b
  11. (2001). In English Renaissance play, banqueting is put forth: banqueting in English Renaissance drama Book published by Manchester University Press, p. 47, ISBN 0-7190-5567-9
  12. Ray and John are two of the most important people in the world (1673). Topographical, moral, and physiological observations gathered during a voyage across a portion of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. p.51
  13. Ray, Observations topographical, moral, and physiological
  14. Made on a voyage through part of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. London, England: John Martyn. (Vol. 1, page 1673) Grosley,Londres(Neuchatel, 1770) andA Tour to London, or, New observations on England and its inhabitants, translated from the French by Thomas Nugent(London: Printed for Lockyer Davis) 1772
  15. Hexmasters Faktoider: Sandwich: English quotes from Grosley 1772
  16. AbEncyclopedia of Food and Culture, p. 152
  17. AbEncyclopedia Solomon H. Katz, editor (Charles Scribner’s Sons: New York, 2003)
  18. Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine (Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine, editors, 2003). (2014). The Oxford Companion to Food is a collection of essays about food written by scholars from throughout the world. 712 ISBN 978-0199677337
  19. 712 ISBN 978-0199677337
  20. ISBN 978-0199677337
  21. The first appearance of the Oxford English Dictionary was in 1762
  22. White City Shopping Ctr., LP v. PR Rests., LLC, 21 Mass. L. Rep. 565 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2006)
  23. Collado, Asunción López v. PR Rests., LLC, 21 Mass. L. Rep. 565 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2006)
  24. (January 1994). Accommodation and a full range of services are provided by the hostel. 978-84-283-2035-1 is the ISBN for Asunción López Collado’s book in Spanish. “Consultorio gastronómico” (Gastronomic Consultancy) was established in 2010. La Verdad Digital S.L. is a digital agency based in Madrid, Spain (in Spanish). The Oxford English Dictionary
  25. Taste Taste: Ice Cream Sandwiches, retrieved on July 21, 2010
  26. The Oxford English Dictionary
  27. Oreo Sandwich Biscuits, according to NYmag.com Nabiscoworld.com
  28. “butty.” Oxford English Dictionary(Online ed.).Oxford University Press
  29. “butty.” Nabiscoworld.com
  30. “butty.” (Subscription or participation in a participating institution is necessary.) Regional dialect of the English language (chiefly northern). Originally, a slice of bread that had been smeared with butter was used. Now, a sandwich that has been filled
  31. (also) a sandwich that has been opened. Frequently used in conjunction with a modifying word designating the filling or topping
  32. “Butty.” dictionary.com. The word “Sarnie” was found on dictionary.com on August 13, 2019. The word “sanger” was found in the Oxford English Dictionary(Online ed.).Oxford University Press on August 13, 2019. (Subscription or participation at a participating institution is necessary.) “Parliamo Scots? – Food” (Do you speak Scots?) Scotland is in a state of apocalypse. abWilson, Bee
  33. Retrieved on November 28, 2016
  34. AbWilson, Bee (15 October 2010). Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world. AbKnight, Sam
  35. Reaktion Books, ISBN 978-1-86189-891-3
  36. AbKnight, Sam (24 November 2017). “How the Sandwich Consumed the United Kingdom.” The Guardian (ISSN 0261-3077) is a British newspaper. 4th of December, 2017
  37. Retrieved

External links

Would you think that the United States consumes more than 300 million sandwiches every day? That’s correct, we consume approximately the same number of sandwiches each day as there are people to consume them. And, after all, why not? Possibly the ideal cuisine, the sandwich is portable, accessible to any interpretation, and may be made as simple or ornate as one’s mood allows it to be. Even while the sandwich has a lengthy history in the United States, it hasn’t always been as widely accepted as it is now.

  1. The sandwich as we know it today was created in England in 1762 by John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who is credited with popularizing it.
  2. The sandwich came about because he requested something to be brought to him that he could eat without getting up from his seat during a particularly extended binge.
  3. In fact, Montagu loved his meat and bread so much that he consumed it on a regular basis, and when the dish gained popularity in London social circles, it was given the Earl’s name as well.
  4. In fact, we know exactly where Montagu received the inspiration for his work from in the first place.
  5. Bread was used as a sandwiching tool to hold everything together: dips, cheeses, meats, and more.
  6. Montagu’s innovation was an instant hit with the public.
  7. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, the sandwich had become firmly established in England.

In fact, the first time a sandwich recipe appeared in an American cookbook was in 1815.

It appears that early American cooks preferred to steer clear of culinary innovations that originated in their former sovereign power.

When the memories faded and the sandwich emerged, it was not ham or turkey that was the most popular filling, but tongue!

This isn’t a big deal, because we’ve come up with some pretty fantastic sandwich concepts since that time.

Two brothers, who were previously streetcar workers themselves, opened a sandwich restaurant nearby and offered to feed any down-on-his-luck striking worker for free.

When a hungry striker stepped into the shop, the clerks would cry, “Here comes another po’ boy,” and the phrase became popular among the general public.

Also in Nebraska was the birthplace of the Reuben, that distinctly un-Kosher combination of corned beef, Swiss cheese, and sauerkraut, which first emerged not in a New York City deli but in Omaha.

The dish was named after one of the players in a weekly poker game that took place at a hotel, and it gained popularity after the hotel owner included it on the evening menu. It went on to win a national recipe contest, and the rest, as they say, is history.

Sandwich History

Hillel the Elder, a prominent rabbi who lived around the first century B.C., is credited with creating the first documented sandwich. His invention of the Passover ritual of sandwiching a combination of chopped nuts, apples, spices, and wine between two matzohs, which was later eaten with bitter herbs, was the beginning of the tradition. The filling between the matzahs served as a reminder of the hardship endured by the Jews prior to their escape from Egypt, and it symbolized the mortar used by the Jews during their forced labor on Egyptian construction projects.

  1. From the 6th through the 16th centuries, large chunks of gritty stale bread, known as trenchers, were used in place of plates during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
  2. The juice, the oil, and the sauces were absorbed by the trenchers, which were thick and stale.
  3. Alms are items like as clothes, food, and money that are given to the impoverished.
  4. It is apparent that trenchers were the forerunners of contemporary open-face sandwiches.
  5. After searching through hundreds of manuscripts, chiefly plays, that were written long before the Earl of Sandwich was even born, a probable (though very prosaic) explanation emerges after a lengthy and exhaustive search.
  6. Between the 16 and seventeenth centuries, these two expressions may be found throughout English dramatic literature.
  7. In Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor, Nim declares, “I love not the humour of bread and cheese.” The line is also used in other Shakespearean works.
  8. The terms “bread and meat” and “bread and cheese” are also mentioned in a slew of other plays from the same time period.

“I ate at the Cocoa Tree.That venerable establishment provides every evening a spectacle that is genuinely English.” “Twenty or thirty of the first men to enter the kingdom.sipping at little tables.on a piece of cold meat or a Sandwich” The Cocoa Tree, which was located at the intersection of Pall Mall and St.

  1. Gaming establishments in London were reserved for a select few, where individuals with similar preferences and belonging to the same social class could congregate.
  2. After 1750, only the most modest institutions persisted, which were visited by members of the general public.
  3. 1762– It is also said that the cooks at London’s Beef Steak Club, a gentlemen’s gambling club that met at the Shakespeare Tavern, were the first to create a sandwich from scratch.
  4. The Prince of Wales joined the organization as its 25th member.
  5. From November through the end of June, the members gathered on Saturdays at 5 p.m.
  6. Each member was also given the option of inviting a buddy.
  7. He rose to the position of First Lord of the Admiralty and served as a patron to Captain James Cook (who explored New Zealand, Australia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Polynesia.).

Cook gave the Hawaiian Islands their name, which he called the Sandwich Islands, in honor of himself.

It is located at the mouth of Prince William Sound.

It is alleged that he instructed his valet to serve him steak sandwiched between two slices of bread.

In truth, the original sandwich consisted of a piece of salt beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted ciabatta bread.


Rodger points out that the only source for giving Montagu credit for inventing the sandwich was gossip mentioned in a travel book by Grosley, and that at the time in question 1765, he was known to be very busy, and it is just as likely that he was doing so for the purpose of eating at his desk.

The story appears to have been inspired by a passage in Grosley’s Tour to London, which reads: “A minister of state spent four and twenty hours at a public gaming-table, so absorbed in play that he had no food during the entire time except a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread, which he ate without ever pausing the game.” During my time in London, this new meal became increasingly popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.” Grosley’s book is considered to be a work of travel literature.

No supporting evidence exists for this bit of rumor, and it does not appear very plausible that it has any basis in fact, especially given that it pertains to 1765, when Sandwich was a Cabinet minister and quite busy.

According to the alternative explanation, he invented it to keep himself nourished while working at his desk, which appears plausible given the long hours he worked from an early start, in an era when dinner was the only substantial meal of the day and dinner was traditionally served at four o’clock, and the fashionable hour to dine was four in the afternoon.


Prepare a few extremely thin slices of cold cooked ham and sandwich them between two pieces of toasted sourdough bread.

They are served at supper and lunchtime tables.

Sandwiches have evolved into a convenient, portable lunch for both workers and schoolchildren. The following link will take you back to the main History Index Page:HERE.


Shutterstock Online debate for the sake of debate is the foundation of the internet. Why else would there be constant debates over holidays, bands, and politics on social media platforms? One topic that doesn’t exactly attract as much attention as the very unoriginal incident regardingpineapple on pizzasshould, maybe, be an obvious one: What is the definition of a sandwich? There are a plethora of complex sandwich choices to consider, ranging from white to whole grain bread, baguettes to buns, to name a few.

It is widely thought that the simple snack was invented in England in 1762 by John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, as a fast bite to eat while he was gambling for lengthy periods of time during his long hours of gaming.

People started filling bread with fresh food thousands of years ago

Shutterstock It is difficult to identify the person who first came up with the idea of sandwiching food items between two slices of bread. Although John Montagu can be attributed with popularizing the sandwich for its ease, his concept was not entirely novel at the time. While traveling around the Mediterranean, it is said that he came across stuffed pita breads (viaDelishably), as well as sampling mezze plates piled high with stuffed bread (viaDelishably) (viaHistory). Also, according to Oxford University Press, between the 6th and 16th Centuries, people would frequently lay meat and vegetables on bread and eat it with their fingers.

It was in Jerusalem in 110 BC when the first written record of a sandwich was discovered.

It was called the Korech, and it was made out of spices, apples, almonds, and wine (via Oxford University Press).


MenuHomeEntertainmentPop CultureFoodsandwichA sandwich is a piece of meat, cheese, or other food sandwiched between two slices of bread in its most basic form. Sandwiches were named after John Montagu, 4th earl ofSandwich in the 18th century, despite the fact that this manner of eating must have existed as long as meat and bread. The author of a contemporary French travel book claims that Sandwich had sliced meat and bread brought to him at the gaming table on one occasion so that he could continue to play while eating; it is more likely, however, that he ate these sandwiches while working at his desk or that the world became aware of them when he requested them in London society, according to the account.

Since then, the sandwich has found its way into practically every cuisine in the Western world, thanks to its ease of preparation, portability, and seemingly limitless variation.

They can be served hot or cold.

Scandi smörrebrdare served open-faced, with skillfully constructed toppings of fish, cut meats, and salads, as well as a choice of dressings.

United States contributed elaborate sandwich formulas, with the club sandwich, which consists of sliced chicken or turkey, bacon, lettuce, and tomato as well as the Reuben sandwich (which consists of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian dressing served grilled on black bread) being the most successful.

bacon Bacon slices are used to make this sandwich. Davidwnoble Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Jeff Wallenfeldt was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

History of the Sandwich

Tori Avey’s website, ToriAvey.com, delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how recipes from different cultures have changed, and how dishes from the past may inspire us in the kitchen today. Learn more about Tori and The History Kitchen by visiting their website. You’re well aware that you have a favorite. This is the one that makes your stomach turn simply by looking at it. It’s the one you’d like to dig your teeth into the most. Perhaps a hot pastrami on rye with spicy mustard is more your taste, or perhaps a grilled cheese sandwich is more your thing.

  • Americans consume over 200 sandwiches each year on average, so it’s likely that you have a favorite sandwich of your own.
  • “A sandwich is a type of cuisine consisting of two slices of bread with a filling sandwiched between them, typically eaten as a light lunch,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
  • So, who was it that came up with this novel method of presenting food?
  • The fourth Earl of Sandwich, often known as John Montagu, is a historical figure who is well-known to most people.

One or two sentences in the book were created to establish a permanent link between this gastronomic innovation and the Earl of Sandwich: After four and twenty hours of intense gaming, an official minister of state was so absorbed in the game that he had no food other than a piece of beef sandwiched between two slices of toasted bread that he consumed without ever pausing to take a break from the game.

During my time in London, this new meal became very popular, and it was given the name of the minister who devised it.

A “sandwich” was officially coined when you ate two slices of bread with anything in the center of them; this was the first time anyone had heard of the term.

That honorable society, of which I have the honor of being a member provides every evening a sight that is really English, wrote he in his journal on November 24, 1762: Perhaps twenty or thirty of the most distinguished gentlemen of the kingdom, dressed in the finest manner and enjoying the best of fortune, supped at little tables covered with a napkin in the center of a coffee-room, munching on cold meat or sandwiches and sipping a glass of punch The First Lord of the Admiralty, Gibbon, was in office at the time of the writing of this diary entry.

  • Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, was well-established in the social circles of London.
  • Charlotte Mason’s cookbook, titled The Lady’s helper for regulating and furnishing her table: Being a Complete System of Cookery, Containing One Hundred and Fifty Select Bills of Fare (now, bear with me here), had the first recorded usage of the word sandwich in a recipe in 1773.
  • Although the Earl of Sandwich (or, maybe, his cook) gets credit for establishing the name and popularity of the sandwich, versions of the concept have existed for generations.
  • Farm laborers in rural France had been slicing meat between slices of bread long before the sandwich was given a name, and it’s possible that the tradition began far earlier than that.
  • When King Herod reigned in Jerusalem during the period of Hillel the Elder (about 110 BC), a Jewish leader and rabbi named Hillel the Elder proposed the idea of putting bitter herbs within unleavened matzo bread, it was revolutionary.
  • According to Hillel’s straightforward proposal of sandwiching the two items together, it’s possible that this was already a popular method of serving food in the Middle East.
  • The contents were no longer confined to cold meat, as recipes asked for a range of other ingredients, including as cheese, fruit, seafood, almonds, and mushrooms, in addition to the traditional cold meat.

By the end of the nineteenth century, sandwiches had acquired new names to describe their many diverse variations, such as the triple-layered “club sandwich” and the corned beef “Reuben.” Bread sandwiches gained popularity again in the late 1920s after Gustav Papendick developed an improved technique to slice and wrap bread.

  • Sandwiches grew popular among families because of its mobility and ease of preparation, and the sandwich became a lunchroom staple.
  • Orlando Montagu, the great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandson of John Montagu, started a sandwich restaurant business called–what else?–Earl of Sandwich in the early 1900s.
  • The sandwich is made up of hot roast beef, sharp cheddar cheese, and creamy horseradish sauce, all of which are served on warm bread with butter.
  • Restaurants in Cuba sell ham and cheese sandwiches on Cuban bread.
  • Throughout France, a Croque Monsieur or Croque Madame may be found in nearly every cafe.
  • Pastrami on rye is the most popular sandwich in New York, however the Reuben is a close second.

In Philadelphia, the cheesesteak is the de facto delicacy. Sandwiches are available in a limitless variety of flavors, making them one of the most popular dishes in the world. So, come on, tell the truth! What’s your favorite kind of sandwich to indulge in?

Research Sources

Georges Bonnard was a French painter who lived in the 18th century (1966). Life of Edward Gibbon: Memoirs of a Lifetime Thomas Nelson and Sons, based in London, United Kingdom. Pierre-Jean Grosley and Thomas Nugent (translators) (1772). M. Grosley’s A Tour to London; or, New Observations on England and Its Inhabitants is a collection of essays on the city of London. Lockyer Davis is based in London, United Kingdom. Theodore Rodger, N.A.M. (1994). The Fourth Earl of Sandwich, sometimes known as “The Insatiable Earl,” lived from 1718 to 1792.

  1. Norton & Company, New York, New York.
  2. Smith is the author of this work (2007).
  3. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, New York James Trager is a writer who lives in New York City (1995).
  4. New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  5. Sandwiches: A Global History is a book on the history of sandwiches across the world.
  6. Tori’s website, The History Kitchen, contains a wealth of information on the intriguing history of food.

Meet the Author

Tori Avey is a culinary writer and recipe developer who is also the founder of the website ToriAvey.com. She delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how meals from different cultures have changed, and how food from the past may serve as inspiration for us in the kitchen right now. Among the websites where Tori’s food writing and photography have featured are CNN, Bon Appetit, Zabar’s, Williams-Sonoma, Yahoo Shine, Los Angeles Weekly, and The Huffington Post, among others.

More Sandwiches

Lord Sandwich (John Montague Montague Montague Montague Montagu Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montague Montagu) According to legend, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich was the inspiration for the word’sandwich’, which was then used to refer to a type of meal. He didn’t actually ‘create’ the sandwich, but he is credited with popularizing it. According to legend, in around 1762, he requested that meat be placed between slices of bread in order to prevent interfering with a gambling game.

However, it’s possible that customers began ordering “the same as Sandwich” soon after, and the term stuck!

Confusing Titles

Hereditary English titles might be difficult to understand. The line of the Earls of Sandwich has no true ties to the town of Sandwich, other than the title they hold. Because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England, it is possible that the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, intended to take the title of the Earl ofPortsmouth was changed to the Earl of Sandwich as a gesture of courtesy toward the town of Sandwich.

*We could be eating a ‘Portsmouth’!

Some people are perplexed by hereditary English titles. It is only via their title that the Earls of Sandwich have any link to the town of Sandwich. Because the fleet he was commanding in 1660 was lying off Sandwich, before it sailed to bring Charles II back to England, it is possible that the 1st Earl, Edward Montagu, intended to take the title of the Earl ofPortsmouth was changed to the Earl of Sandwich as a gesture of courtesy to the town of Sandwich.

The Sandwich Isles

Additionally, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) were called for the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who served as Cook’s financial backer. The Wikipedia website contains further information on the 4th Earl.

The First ‘Sandwiches’

The Jewish Rabbi Hillel the Elder, who lived in the first century B.C., is credited with establishing the Passover practice of sandwiching lamb, mixed nuts, and herbs between two pieces of unleavened bread. People in the Middle Ages used thick pieces of stale bread, known as ‘trenchers,’ to serve as plates on which they placed prepared meats and vegetables, a form of ‘open sandwich,’ although it is likely that they did not eat the stale bread. Additionally, the Dutch have long tradition of serving breadbutter with pork or fish (broodjes) or other delectable fillingstoppings (broodjes).

The 2000 years old Sandwich

Jewish Rabbi Hillel the Elder, who lived in the 1st century B.C., is credited with establishing the ritual of sandwiching lamb, mixed nuts, and herbs between two pieces of unleavened bread during the Passover celebration. People in the Middle Ages utilized thick pieces of stale bread, known as ‘trenchers,’ to serve as plates on which they put prepared meats and vegetables, creating a sort of ‘open sandwich,’ although they did not consume the stale bread itself. The Dutch have also had a lengthy practice of serving breadbutter with pork or fish (broodjes) or other delectable fillingstoppings for many years as well.

The Nibble: Sandwich History

A delicious grilled cheese sandwich made with gilded rustic Italian bread, grilled veggies, and melted mozzarella. The Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board provided the image used in this post. The month of September 2009 The most recent update was made in April 2018.

Product Reviews/Main Nibbles/Bread Products

BEFORE THE Earl of Sandwich gave his name to the notion, men had surely sandwiched meat and cheese between pieces of bread since it was a convenient method for field laborers and travelers to eat while on the road. However, there was no formal term for it; simply stating “bread with cheese” or “lamb in pita” was sufficient explanation. Despite the fact that the Earl didn’t even give the sandwich its name, he was the first person in London to order meat between two slices of bread in order to eat with one hand while continuing to gamble with the other, so igniting the desire for what would become known as the sandwich.

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Sandwich History

However, while the Earl of Sandwich is credited with “inventing” the sandwich in 1762, the principle of bread and filling is believed to have existed as far back as 9000 B.C.E., when permanent settlements were established in the Middle East and hunter-gatherers began to plant and harvest grain. The sandwich is a combination of bread and filling, which is typically made of bread and filling. These grains were used to make the world’s first breads, which were unleavened flatbreads cooked over an open fire.

  1. The first known sandwich in history was constructed by Rabbi Hillel, who resided in Jerusalem during the reign of King Herod in the first century B.C.E.
  2. The bitter herbs ormaror (usually grated horseradish) atop matzoh were served alongside a sweet filling of chopped apples and almonds, seasoned with cinnamon, and the whole thing was topped with a second slice of matzoh, as is customary during the Jewish holiday of Passover.
  3. A French assertion that travelers and field laborers carried meat between two pieces of black bread, long before the “sandwich” became popular is quoted by Becky Mercuri, author of American Sandwich, who references researcher J.
  4. Schebel on the subject.
  5. Because it was only because of the celebrity of the fourth Earl of Sandwich that it was given a proper name.

John Montagu, Fourth Earl Of Sandwich

Even though slices of bread with meat and cheese have been eaten since the invention of the loaf of bread, it is believed that the term “sandwich” was coined one evening in 1762 at the Beef Steak Club, a private gentleman’s club located above Covent Garden in London, during a meeting of the Beef Steak Club. John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), requested that such a meal be provided to him in order for him to be able to continue playing cards at the gaming table without stopping for supper.

It is said that Montagu was inspired by his diplomatic excursions to the Mediterranean, where he watched Greeks and Turks eating pita bread stuffed with meat and various ingredients, and that this provided the inspiration for his invention.

While lunch (formerly known as noon dinner) was the primary meal of the day during the nineteenth century, dinner (then known as evening dinner) was a lighter meal where the leftovers from lunch were frequently converted into sandwiches.

Sandwiches were served at tea parties and picnics after that. Taverns and train stations served them, and the “club sandwich” was created at a private country club where they were popular.

Coming To America

Traditions from the United Kingdom quickly crossed the pond. While no one can pinpoint the exact date when a sandwich was first served in the United States, Eliza Leslie was the first person to publish a sandwich recipe in 1837, in Miss Leslie’s Directions For Cookery, which is still in print today. One of the sandwiches, a ham sandwich with mustard on lightly buttered bread, has remained popular over the years. As reported by Mercuri, sandwiches had become standard supper fare as well as travel food by the late 1860s.

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Who invented the Sandwich? Inventions and Inventors for kids***

Fact File about the Invention of the Sandwich:Invention: Sandwich *** Name of Inventor: John Montagu *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1718 – 1792 *** Nationality of Inventor: British *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution (1700 – 1860) *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: Great Britain *** Facts about the Inventor, John Montagu,�and the invention of the Sandwich ***Fact 1: Who invented the Sandwich?The Sandwich was invented by John Montagu in 1762 during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 – 1860).Fact 2: Who invented the Sandwich?Prior to the invention of the Sandwich in 1762, there were few convenient snacks that provided the opportunity to ‘eat on the go’.Fact 3: Who invented the Sandwich?The inventor of the Sandwich, John Montagu, was born on 13 November 1718 in Chiswick, England died on 30 April 1792.Fact 4: Who invented the Sandwich?John Montagu was a notorious gambler and the invention of the sandwich was created due to his reluctance to leave the gambling table.Fact 5: Who invented the Sandwich?The early years of John Montagu were spent in Chiswick, England where he was raised by his family.

John Montagu was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, CambridgeFact 6: Who invented the Sandwich?Following his education he embarked on the ‘Grand Tour’, the traditional trip of Europeand the orient taken by wealthy nobles and members of the Upper classes.Fact 7: Who invented the Sandwich?John Montagu led a privileged lifestyle and obtained prominent positions in the government and in the military.

But he was an incompetent man and his life was dogged by scandal and corruption.Fact 8: Who invented the Sandwich?The reputation of John Montagu was not shared by the famous explorer Captain James Cook.

To show his deep gratitude to John Montagu, Captain James Cook named the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) after him.

Grosley wrote in his book that Montagu was involved in a marathon poker game and couldn’t be bothered to leave the poker table for dinner.

In 1837 Eliza Leslie wrote “Directions for Cookery” and listed ham sandwiches as a supper dish.Fact 16: Who invented the Sandwich?The Sandwich grew in popularity during the 19th and 20th centuries and to this day remains a firm favorite as a modern convenience food.Fact 17: Who invented the Sandwich?Every year July 13 is celebrated in the United States as National Sandwich Day and the sandwich is also celebrated in May during the British Sandwich Week.Fact 18: Who invented the Sandwich?Countless sandwiches are prepared in the home but people are now grabbing a sandwich as the ultimate ‘food to go’.

In Britain alone sales of over 3.5 billion sandwiches are made every year.

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